- Lower in spatial position than.
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
- One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
- The treasure is buried two meters below the surface.
- (law) Within the writing of a given document which follows a particular appearance of the word "below".
- "By their execution hereof, the Parties incur a legal obligation to pass consideration under this Loan Contract as is set forth below."
- Lower in value, price, rank or concentration than.
- 1705, J[oseph] Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703, London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 1051505315:
- one degree below kings
- 2013 July-August, Philip J. Bushnell, “Solvents, Ethanol, Car Crashes & Tolerance”, in American Scientist:
- Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that acute exposure to solvent vapors at concentrations below those associated with long-term effects appears to increase the risk of a fatal automobile accident. Furthermore, this increase in risk is comparable to the risk of death from leukemia after long-term exposure to benzene, another solvent, which has the well-known property of causing this type of cancer.
- The temperature is below zero.
- Downstream of.
- South of.
- Unsuitable to the rank or dignity of; beneath.
- 1827, Henry Hallam, The Constitutional History of England
- who thinks no fact below his regard
- Such petty behavior is below me.
- (stage directions) Downstage of.
- (lower in spatial position than): beneath, under, underneath
- (lower in value than): under
- (downstream of): downstream
- (unsuitable to the rank or dignity of): beneath
lower in spatial position than
lower in value than
unsuitable to the rank or dignity of
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
below (not comparable)
- In a lower place.
- 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], OCLC 752825175:
- But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ […] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, […].
- On a lower storey.
- Further down.
- (nautical) On a lower deck.
- the landlubbers lying down below
- (of a temperature) Below zero.
- (in a lower place): beneath, under, underneath
- (on a lower storey): downstairs
- (farther down): downwards
in a lower place
on a lower storey
nautical: on a lower deck
of a temperature: below zero
- Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8