Contents

TranslingualEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
佩-oracle.svg 佩-bronze.svg 佩-bigseal.svg 佩-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人竹弓月 (OHNB), four-corner 27210, composition)

  1. belt ornament, pendant
  2. wear at waist, tie to the belt
  3. respect

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 100, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 543
  • Dae Jaweon: page 211, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 150, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4F69

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰei⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰei⁵³/
Tianjin /pʰei⁵³/
Jinan /pʰei²¹/
Qingdao /pʰe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰei³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰei⁵³/
Xining /pʰɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /pʰei¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰei¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰei²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰei³⁵/
Chengdu /pʰei¹³/
Guiyang /pʰei²¹³/
Kunming /pʰei²¹²/
Nanjing /pʰəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /pʰe⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰæ³⁵/
Hohhot /pʰei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /be²³/
Suzhou /be̞³¹/
Hangzhou /bei¹³/
Wenzhou /bai²²/
Hui Shexian /pʰɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /pʰə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /pʰei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /pʰəi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰi²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰɑi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰui³³/
Nanning /pʰui³³/
Hong Kong /pʰui³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pue²²/
/pʰue²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰo³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pue³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔi³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/buoiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwəjH/
Li
Rong
/buᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/buɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bèi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ bwojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤək-s/
English to wear at girdle, pendants

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9651
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːs/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana はい, romaji -hai)

  1. swords

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はい, romaji hai)

  1. ancient ornamental belt

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pae) (hangeul , revised pae, McCune-Reischauer p'ae)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bội)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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