U+5DFE, 巾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DFE

[U+5DFD]
CJK Unified Ideographs 巿
[U+5DFF]
U+2F31, ⼱
KANGXI RADICAL TURBAN

[U+2F30]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F32]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 50, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 中月 (LB), four-corner 40227, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 327, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8771
  • Dae Jaweon: page 632, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 727, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5DFE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/ 紅領~
/t͡ɕiẽ⁵⁵/ 毛~
Qingdao /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕin²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐn⁵³/
Nanning /kɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kin²³/
/fɛ³⁵/ 訓帕

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚin/
Shao
Rongfen
/kien/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjin/
Li
Rong
/kjĕn/
Wang
Li
/kǐĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gan1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kin ›
Old
Chinese
/*krən/
English kerchief

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6550
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a square item of cloth; towel; kerchief
  2. (historical) piece of clothing worn on the head in China

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cloth
  2. turban
  3. (abbreviation of ): width

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠiɪn). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: ken) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 수건 (sugeon geon))

  1. Hanja form? of (towel).
  2. Hanja form? of (piece of cloth; fabric).
  3. Hanja form? of (headscarf).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cân, khăn, khân

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.