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See also: , , 𠁽, , and 𠔼
U+51E1, 凡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51E1

[U+51E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51E2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 16 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓戈 (HNI), four-corner 77210, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 134, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1739
  • Dae Jaweon: page 299, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 276, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+51E1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·ruːm
*b·uːm
*pʰomʔ
*pʰoms, *bum
*bom
*bom, *boms
*bom, *boms
*bomʔ
*bloms, *bum
*boːŋ, *bum
*plum, *plums
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plums
*blum
*blum
*bums

Pictogram (象形) – a plate, a flat dish.

Borrowed for abstract meanings. Another character (OC *baːn) was created to refer to the original word.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fan³⁵/
Harbin /fan²⁴/ 下~
/fan⁵³/ ~是
Tianjin /fan⁴⁵/
Jinan /fã⁴²/
Qingdao /fã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fan⁴²/
Xi'an /fã²⁴/
Xining /fã²⁴/
Yinchuan /fan⁵³/
Lanzhou /fɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /fan⁵¹/
Wuhan /fan²¹³/
Chengdu /fan³¹/
Guiyang /fan²¹/
Kunming /fã̠³¹/
Nanjing /faŋ²⁴/
Hefei /fæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /fæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /fæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ve²³/
Suzhou /ve̞¹³/
Hangzhou /vẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /va³¹/
Hui Shexian /fɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /fuːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /fan⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/
Taoyuan /fɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fan²¹/
Nanning /fan²¹/
Hong Kong /fan²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uaiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (146)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨɐm/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɐm/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buam/
Li
Rong
/biɐm/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fán
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjom ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]rom/
English in every case

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2914
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bom/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ordinary; commonplace
  2. worldly; mortal; earthly
  3. outline; gist
  4. (music) the fourth scale degree in the Gongche musical notation
  5. every; all; any
  6. altogether

AntonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ordinary, common, mediocre

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(beom)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.