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U+4FC3, 促
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FC3

[U+4FC2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FC4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人口卜人 (ORYO), four-corner 26281, composition)

  1. urge, press, hurry
  2. close, intimate

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 104, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 664
  • Dae Jaweon: page 220, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 161, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4FC3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsoɡs, *ʔsoɡ
*sʰaːwɢ
*ʔsoːɡ
*sʰroːɡ, *sʰruɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*sʰoːɡ, *sʰoɡ
*sʰruɡ
*ʔsoɡ
*sʰoɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰoɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔsoɡs, *ʔsoɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhiok - literary;
  • chhiak/chhek - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiok̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17927
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰoɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. urgent
  2. to draw close
  3. short
  4. to reduce
  5. narrow
  6. to urge
  7. to reach
  8. respectful and cautious

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chok) (hangeul , revised chok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xúc, thúc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit