U+4FC4, 俄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FC4

[U+4FC3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FC5]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人竹手戈 (OHQI), four-corner 23250, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 104, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 665
  • Dae Jaweon: page 220, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 162, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+4FC4

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋaːl): semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *ŋaːlʔ).

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter nga
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋa/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑ/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
é
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngo4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13035
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːl/

Definitions edit

  1. suddenly; (very) soon; presently
      ―  é'ér  ―  after a while; presently
  2. tilted

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. Short for 俄羅斯俄罗斯 (Éluósī).: Russia (The largest country in the world, a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia)
      ―  É  ―  Russian language

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
にわか
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
にわか
[adjective] [from 790s] sudden, abrupt, unexpected, improvised, offhand
[adjective] [from 759] suddenly serious (said of an illness; most often in the construction にわかなる (niwaka ni naru))
[adjective] [from early 1200s] temporary, makeshift, impermanent, ad hoc
[noun] Short for 俄狂言 (niwaka kyōgen, a farce; an impromptu comic interlude during a Noh play).
[noun] (by extension) any impromptu joke, witticism, or pun
[noun] Short for 俄ファン (niwaka fan, (Internet slang) bandwagon fan).
Alternative spelling
俄か
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC nga).

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

() (ga

  1. sudden, abrupt, unexpected
Derived terms edit

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (a))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: nga ((ngũ)()(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: nga[1][2][3][6], ngoa[2]

  1. chữ Hán form of Nga, nga (Russia, Russian).
  2. chữ Hán form of nga (sudden; in an instant).

Compounds edit

References edit