See also: , 𤣩, and
U+7389, 玉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7389

[U+7388]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+738A]
U+2F5F, ⽟
KANGXI RADICAL JADE

[U+2F5E]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F60]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
(Chinese)
 
Stroke order
(Japan)
 

Alternative forms edit

  • 𤣩 (When used as a radical component)

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 96, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103, composition or )

  1. Kangxi radical #96, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №6

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𤣩
𠀛

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Libian (compiled in Qing) Kangxi Dictionary (compiled in Qing)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts Clerical script Ming typeface
                       

The character's shape was historically very similar to ; a dot was introduced to differentiate the two.

Pictogram (象形): a picture of a cong (), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

Etymology edit

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-lu(ŋ/k) (stone), which is also compared to (OC *roːɡ).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • nguŏh - vernacular;
  • ngṳ̆k - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ge̍k/gia̍k - vernacular;
    • gio̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • rou6 - vernacular;
    • y4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
    Harbin /y⁵³/
    Tianjin /y⁵³/
    Jinan /y²¹/
    Qingdao /y⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
    Xi'an /y²¹/
    Xining /y⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /y¹³/
    Lanzhou /y¹³/
    Ürümqi /y²¹³/
    Wuhan /y³⁵/
    Chengdu /y¹³/
    Guiyang /i²¹³/
    Kunming /i²¹²/
    Nanjing /y⁴⁴/
    Hefei /zz̩ʷ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /y⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /y³⁵/
    Hohhot /y⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵioʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ȵioʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ȵioʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ȵo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /y²²/
    Tunxi /ȵy¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /y⁵⁵/
    /ʐəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /y⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /y²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ŋiuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
    Nanning /juk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /juk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔk̚⁵/
    /gik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋy⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /gek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³³/
    /zi³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter ngjowk
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    juk6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ](r)ok/ (< uvular?)
    English jade

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15971
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋoɡ/

    Definitions edit

    1. jade (originally nephrite, now also including jadeite)
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 faai3 juk6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  a piece of jade
        ―  pèi  ―  jade pendant
      石俱焚  ―  shíjùfén  ―  the good and the bad perish together (literally, “jade and stone incinerated together”)
    2. pure; beautiful
        ―  róng  ―  beautiful face (of a woman)
      亭亭  ―  tíngtíng  ―  slender and graceful (of a woman)
      錦衣锦衣  ―  jǐnyīshí  ―  to live a luxurious life
    3. (honorific) your
        ―  zhào  ―  your photograph
    4. (Cantonese, borrowing) Alternative form of
      1. Used in 玉冰燒.
    5. a surname: Yu

    Synonyms edit

    • (jade): (Taiwanese Hokkien) 玉仔

    Hyponyms edit

    • (jade): (qióng, “precious jade, esp. red jade”)

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ぎょく) (gyoku)
    • Korean: 옥(玉) (ok)
    • Vietnamese: ngọc ()

    Others:

    References edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“lush; luxuriant; exuberant; dense; thick; various; abundant; profuse; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the draft (1955) first-round simplified form of ).
    Notes:

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. gem, jewel
    2. beauty, elegance
    3. euphemistic term related to an Emperor of Japan
    4. euphemistic term related to a partner
    5. geisha

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    たま
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Alternative forms edit

    • (especially preferred in baseball),
    • (bullet):
    • (gem):

    Pronunciation edit

    Counter edit

    (たま) (-tama

    1. counter for ramen and udon for one person
      冷凍(れいとう)うどん1(ひと)(たま)
      reitō udon hito-tama
      one bowl of frozen udon
    See also edit

    Noun edit

    (たま) (tama

    1. any spherical or similarly-rounded object:
      1. a ball
      2. a orb
      3. a sphere
      4. a bead of an abacus
      5. lens
        Synonym: レンズ (renzu)
      6. a bullet
      7. an egg, especially of a chicken
        Synonyms: 鶏卵 (keiran); , 玉子 (tamago)
    2. a gem, jewel
    3. an object of value
    4. a female entertainer (geisha, prostitute, etc.)
    5. (colloquial) Short for 金玉 (kintama): testicles
    Derived terms edit
    Descendants edit

    Prefix edit

    (たま) (tama-

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived terms edit

    Proper noun edit

    (たま) (Tama

    1. a place name
    2. a female given name

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぎょく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ngjowk).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (ぎょく) (gyoku

    1. a gem, jewel
    2. generic name for jadeite or nephrite
    3. chicken eggs used as food, especially as a topping for sushi
      Synonym: 鶏卵 (keiran)
    4. a stock being traded
    5. Short for 建て玉 (tategyoku): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    6. a geisha
      Synonym: 芸者 (geisha)
    7. Short for 玉代 (gyokudai): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived terms edit
    Idioms edit

    Etymology 3 edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぎょく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (ぎょく) (gyoku

    1. (shogi) king
    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 구슬 (guseul ok))

    1. Hanja form? of (jade). See there for further compounds.

    Compounds edit

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngọc

    1. gem; precious stone

    Derived terms edit