TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
玉-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
玉-jorder.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a Chinese Radical)
  • 𤣩

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
玉-oracle.svg 玉-bronze.svg 玉-seal.svg

The character was similar to . The dot have been added to differentiate them. It originally meant "blemished jade". Also written (su4) for the same reason.

Pictogram (象形) : a picture of a 琮 (cong), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

ReferencesEdit

  • Richard Sears, “玉 etymology”, Chinese Etymology[1] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-02-18
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 15:

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103)

  1. jade, originally nephrite but now including jadeite as well
  2. precious stone, gem

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (玉), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 魚欲切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨok̚/ /ŋi̯wok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋuawk̚/ /ŋĭwok̚/ /ŋiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjowk › /*[ŋ](r)ok (< uvular?)/ jade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15971 0 /*ŋoɡ/

NounEdit

  1. jade

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #1846”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[2]

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. ball

Etymology 2Edit

on'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. precious stone
  2. a chicken’s egg (to be eaten)
  3. a stock being traded
  4. geisha

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of 玉将

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. king in shogi

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ok, McCune-Reischauer: ok, Yale: ok)
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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngọc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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