See also: , 𤣩, and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
玉-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
玉-jorder.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a Chinese Radical)
  • 𤣩

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
玉-oracle.svg 玉-bronze.svg 玉-seal.svg

The character's shape was historically very similar to (wáng); a dot was introduced to differentiate the two. It originally meant "blemished jade". can also be found written as () for the same reason.

Pictogram (象形): a picture of a cong (), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

ReferencesEdit

  • Richard Sears (accessed 2014-02-18), “玉 etymology”, in Chinese Etymology[1] (in Mandarin/English)
  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 15

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103)

  1. jade, originally nephrite but now including jadeite as well
  2. precious stone, gem

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y²¹/
Xining /y⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /y³⁵/
Chengdu /y¹³/
Guiyang /i²¹³/
Kunming /i²¹²/
Nanjing /y⁴⁴/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /y⁴⁵/
Pingyao /y³⁵/
Hohhot /y⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵioʔ¹/
Suzhou /ȵioʔ³/
Hangzhou /ȵioʔ²/
Wenzhou /ȵo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /y²²/
Tunxi /ȵy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /y⁵⁵/
/ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /y⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /y²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ŋiuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /juk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔk̚⁵/
/gik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋy⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /gek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³³/
/zi³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨok̚/ /ŋi̯wok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋuawk̚/ /ŋĭwok̚/ /ŋiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjowk › /*[ŋ](r)ok (< uvular?)/ jade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15971 0 /*ŋoɡ/

NounEdit

  1. jade

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
たま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. ball
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎょく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. precious stone
  2. a chicken’s egg (to be eaten)
  3. a stock being traded
  4. geisha

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎょく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Abbreviation of 玉将

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. king in shogi

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ok, McCune-Reischauer: ok, Yale: ok)
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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngọc)

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