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See also: , 𤣩, and
U+7389, 玉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7389

[U+7388]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+738A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 
Stroke order
(Japan)
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • 𤣩 (When used as a radical component)

Han characterEdit

(radical 96, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103, composition or ⿷)

  1. Kangxi radical #96, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𤣩
𠀛

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋroːɡ
*ŋuɡ
*kʰoɡ
*ŋoɡ
鳿 *ŋoɡ
*ŋoɡ, *hŋoɡ

The character's shape was historically very similar to ; a dot was introduced to differentiate the two.

Pictogram (象形): a picture of a cong (), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • nguŏh - vernacular;
  • ngṳ̆k - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ge̍k/gia̍k - vernacular;
    • gio̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
    Harbin /y⁵³/
    Tianjin /y⁵³/
    Jinan /y²¹/
    Qingdao /y⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
    Xi'an /y²¹/
    Xining /y⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /y¹³/
    Lanzhou /y¹³/
    Ürümqi /y²¹³/
    Wuhan /y³⁵/
    Chengdu /y¹³/
    Guiyang /i²¹³/
    Kunming /i²¹²/
    Nanjing /y⁴⁴/
    Hefei /zz̩ʷ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /y⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /y³⁵/
    Hohhot /y⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵioʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ȵioʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ȵioʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ȵo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /y²²/
    Tunxi /ȵy¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /y⁵⁵/
    /ʐəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /y⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /y²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ŋiuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
    Nanning /juk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /juk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔk̚⁵/
    /gik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋy⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /gek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³³/
    /zi³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ](r)ok/ (< uvular?)
    English jade

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15971
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋoɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. jade (originally nephrite, now also including jadeite)
    2. precious stone; gem
    3. pure; beautiful
    4. (honorific) your

    HyponymsEdit

    • (jade): (qióng) (precious jade, esp. red jade)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. gem, jewel
    2. beauty, elegance
    3. euphemistic term related to an Emperor of Japan
    4. euphemistic term related to a partner
    5. geisha

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    たま
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana たま, rōmaji tama)

    1. any spherical or similarly-rounded object:
      1. a ball
      2. a orb
      3. a sphere
      4. a bead of an abacus
      5. lens
        Synonym: レンズ (renzu)
      6. a bullet
      7. an egg, especially of a chicken
        Synonyms: 鶏卵 (keiran), , 玉子 (tamago)
    2. a gem, jewel
    3. an object of value
    4. a female entertainer (geisha, prostitute, etc.)
    5. (colloquial) Short for 金玉 (kintama): testicles
    Derived termsEdit

    PrefixEdit

    (hiragana たま, rōmaji tama-)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana たま, rōmaji Tama)

    1. a place name
    2. a female given name

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぎょく
    Grade: 1
    yutōyomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɨok̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぎょく, rōmaji gyoku)

    1. a gem, jewel
    2. generic name for jadeite or nephrite
    3. chicken eggs used as food, especially as a topping for sushi
      Synonym: 鶏卵 (keiran)
    4. a stock being traded
    5. Short for 建て玉 (tategyoku): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    6. a geisha
      Synonym: 芸者 (geisha)
    7. Short for 玉代 (gyokudai): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぎょく
    Grade: 1
    yutōyomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぎょく, rōmaji gyoku)

    1. (shogi) Short for 玉将 (gyokushō).: the "jeweled king" that indicates the first player to move at the beginning
      Antonym: (ō)
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 구슬 (guseul ok))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngọc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.