U+8DB3, 足
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DB3

[U+8DB2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DB4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • 𧾷

Han characterEdit

(radical 157 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口卜人 (RYO), four-corner 60801)

  1. Kangxi radical #157, (foot).

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1221, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1692, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3686, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8DB3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠯁
𠯣

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsoɡs, *ʔsoɡ
*sʰaːwɢ
*ʔsoːɡ
*sʰroːɡ, *sʰruɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*sʰoːɡ, *sʰoɡ
*sʰruɡ
*ʔsoɡ
*sʰoɡ

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: chok - only in the sense of "very".

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su²¹³/
/t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡su⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡su²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su¹³/ ~夠
/t͡su⁵³/ ~球
Ürümqi /t͡su⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕyo³¹/
/t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡su³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡so⁵/ ~球
/t͡siu⁵/ 滿~
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡səɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡siuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡siuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡søyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suawk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siok̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17925
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. foot
  2. leg (of an animal)
  3. leg (of an object)
  4. to walk
  5. to tread; to stamp; to step
  6. to satisfy; to fulfil
    滿 /   ―  mǎn  ―  satisfied; to satisfy
  7. to stop; to cease
  8. enough; sufficient; not lacking
  9. abundant; affluent
  10. to be worthy of; to warrant
  11. fully; entirely
  12. (Min Nan, chiefly Zhangzhou, Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taichung, Yilan, Kinmen) very; quite
    [Min Nan]  ―  chiok [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  very good
  13. can; may
  14. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“very; quite”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 非常十分
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 實在
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 有夠
Quanzhou 有夠
Zhangzhou 足範有夠
Taipei
Kaohsiung 有夠
Tainan 有夠
Taichung
Yilan 有夠
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia 真正
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suə̆H/
Li
Rong
/t͡sioH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17915
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoɡs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. overly; excessively. Only used in 足恭.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. foot

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あし
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

  1. foot
  2. leg

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
そく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana そく, romaji -soku)

  1. counter for pairs of socks, shoes, etc

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jok, ju)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (McCune-Reischauer: chok, chu, Yale: cok, cwu)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bal, McCune-Reischauer: pal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 百足 (んかじ, nkaji): centipede

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 百足 (むかじ, mukaji): centipede

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

ReadingsEdit

  • Native: あし (ashi), ふぃさ (fisa)
  • Nonnative: すく (suku)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (ashi). Attested in 沖縄語典 as わし.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

  1. foot
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (hiza). Attested in 沖縄語典 as ひさ.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ふぃさ, romaji fisa)

  1. foot
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/13

Toku-No-ShimaEdit

KanjiEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 百足 (ぬかで, nukade): centipede

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(túc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.