Character U+4E03, 七
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E03
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E02] [U+4E04]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十山 (JU), four-corner 40710, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial
𠀁 ancient

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

The character was originally a picture of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other, meaning something like, “cut and throw away the remainder”. (OC *sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd) represents the graphical meaning.

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s ‎(seven).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]i[t]/
English seven

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9910
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sn̥ʰid/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. seven
  2. (printing) agate: The size of type between 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”) and (, “8”), standardized as 5½ point.
  3. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of ().

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana なな, romaji nana)

  1. seven
  2. a gambler
Related termsEdit
  • See below (related terms for pronunciation 2)

Pronunciation 2Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana しち, romaji shichi)

  1. seven
Related termsEdit

NumberEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :

‎(hiragana しち, romaji shichi, alternative reading なな, romaji nana)

  1. seven; 7

Usage notesEdit

  • なな ‎(nana) is used instead of しち ‎(shichi) in conversation because しち ‎(shichi) is considered unlucky.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chil)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chil, McCune-Reischauer: ch'il, Yale: chil)
  • Name (hangeul): 일곱 (revised: ilgop, McCune-Reischauer: ilgop, Yale: ilkop)
  1. seven

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thất)

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