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See also: 𠤎 and
U+4E03, 七
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E03

[U+4E02]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E04]
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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 1, +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十山 (JU), four-corner 40710, composition(GHJKV) or ⿻(T))

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms financial
𠀁 ancient
financial; ancient

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd
*sʰiːds
*sʰiːd
*sn̥ʰid
*sn̥ʰid
*n̥ʰjid

The character was originally a pictogram of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other – original character of (OC *sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd, “to cut”).

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s (seven).

PronunciationEdit


Note: qí - a variant (and regional) sandhi tone when it occurs before fourth-tone syllables.
Note:
  • chhit - literary;
  • chhiak - vernacular.
Note: cêg4 - Jieyang.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi˥˥/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi˦˦/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi˨˩/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi˨˩˧/
Qingdao /t͡sʰi˥˥/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰi˨˦/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi˨˩/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji˦˦/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi˩˧/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi˩˧/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi˨˩˧/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi˨˩˧/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi˧˩/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi˨˩/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi˧˩/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ˥/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ˥/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ˨/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ˩˧/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ˦˧/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ˥/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiəʔ˥/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ˥/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰai˨˩˧/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʔ˨˩/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi˥/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰi˨˦/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰi˨˦/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ˥/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰit̚˩/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰit̚˨˨/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐt̚˥/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐt̚˥˥/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚˥/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰit̚˧˨/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ˨˧/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi˨˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚˨/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sit̚˥/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]i[t]/
English seven

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9910
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sn̥ʰid/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. seven
  2. (printing) agate: The size of type between 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”) and (, “8”), standardized as 5½ point.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

  • Ai-Cham: sit⁷
  • Tai: *cetᴰ (see there for further descendants)

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𨳍 (“penis; dorky; clumsy; stupid; dumb; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of 𨳍.)

JapaneseEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. seven
  2. seventh
  3. seven times

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Kanji in this term
しち
Grade: 1
goon
  • (financial form)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰiɪt̚).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

(hiragana しち, rōmaji shichi)

  1. seven, 7
Usage notesEdit
  • なな (nana, see below) is used instead of しち (shichi) in conversation because しち (shichi) is considered unlucky. Compare (yon, shi).
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
なな
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Possibly from Goguryeo *nanə-n?”

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

(hiragana なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. seven, 7
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. a seven
  2. a gambler
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana なな, rōmaji Nana)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
Irregular

Shortening from nana above.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji na)

  1. (colloquial) seven, 7

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1
Irregular

Borrowed from Mandarin ()

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

(katakana チー, rōmaji chī)

  1. seven, 7
Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular  (れい) (rei)
 (ゼロ) (zero)
 (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (よん) (yon)
 () (shi)
 () (go)  (ろく) (roku)  (なな) (nana)
 (しち) (shichi)
 (はち) (hachi)  (きゅう) (kyū)
 () (ku)
 (じゅう) ()
Formal  (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (じゅう) ()
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular  (きゅう) (じゅう) (kyūjū)  (ひゃく) (hyaku)
 (いっ) (ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
 (さん) (びゃく) (sanbyaku)  (ろっ) (ぴゃく) (roppyaku)  (はっ) (ぴゃく) (happyaku)  (せん) (sen)
 (いっ) (せん) (issen)
 (さん) (ぜん) (sanzen)  (はっ) (せん) (hassen)  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)  (いち) (おく) (ichioku)
Formal  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
 (いっ) (ちょう) (itchō)  (はっ) (ちょう) (hatchō)  (じゅっ) (ちょう) (jutchō)  (いっ) (けい) (ikkei)  (ろっ) (けい) (rokkei)  (はっ) (けい) (hakkei)  (じゅっ) (けい) (jukkei)  (ひゃっ) (けい) (hyakkei)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 일곱 (ilgop chil))

  1. seven

Old JapaneseEdit

Old Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :
    Ordinal : 七つ

EtymologyEdit

Unbound apophonic form of なの (⟨nano2 → nano).

NumeralEdit

(nana)

  1. seven, 7
    • 711712, Kojiki (poem 15)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      大和 (やまと) (たか) () () ()なな ()くをとめども (たれ)をし ()かむ [Modern spelling]
      Yamato no Takasajino o nana yuku otome-domo tare o shi makamu
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (nana)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: thất ((thích)(tất)(thiết))[1][2][3]
: Nôm readings: thất[2], sất[1]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit