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U+4E03, 七
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E03

[U+4E02]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E04]
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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 1, +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十山 (JU), four-corner 40710, composition)

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms financial
𠀁 ancient
financial; ancient

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd
*sʰiːds
*sʰiːd
*sn̥ʰid
*sn̥ʰid
*n̥ʰjid

The character was originally a picture of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other, meaning something like, “cut and throw away the remainder”. (OC *sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd) represents the graphical meaning.

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s (seven).

PronunciationEdit


Note: qí - a variant (and regional) sandhi tone when it occurs before fourth-tone syllables.
Note:
  • chhit - literary;
  • chhiak - vernacular.
Note: cêg4 - Jieyang.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]i[t]/
English seven

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9910
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sn̥ʰid/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. seven
  2. (printing) agate: The size of type between 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”) and (, “8”), standardized as 5½ point.
  3. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of ().

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (しち) (shichi);  (しつ) (shitsu)
  • Korean: (, chil)
  • Vietnamese: thất ()

Others:

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)

JapaneseEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. seven
  2. a gambler
Related termsEdit
  • See below (related terms for pronunciation 2)

Pronunciation 2Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana しち, rōmaji shichi)

  1. seven
Related termsEdit

NumberEdit

(hiragana しち, rōmaji shichi, alternative reading なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. seven; 7

Usage notesEdit

  • なな (nana) is used instead of しち (shichi) in conversation because しち (shichi) is considered unlucky.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chil)

  1. seven

Old JapaneseEdit

NumeralEdit

Old Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :
    Ordinal :

(nana)

  1. seven

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (nana)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.