十二単

Contents

JapaneseEdit

 
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Empress Michiko on the right, wearing jūni-hitoe on her wedding day in 1959
Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
ひとえ
Grade: 4

EtymologyEdit

Compound of 十二(jūni, twelve) +‎ (hitoe, unlined or single-layer robe).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) じゅうにひと [jùúní hítóꜜè] (Nakadaka - [5])[2]
  • IPA(key): [d͡ʑɯᵝːni çito̞e̞]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

十二単 ‎(hiragana じゅうにひとえ, romaji jūni-hitoe)

  1. (clothing) a ceremonial twelve-layered robe worn by women of the imperial court, consisting of twelve single-layer unlined robes worn one over the other
    This style became fashionable some time in the tenth century during the Heian period. Starting from the Muromachi period, the term jūni-hitoe was also used in the popular culture to refer to the five-layer 五重唐衣裳(goe-karaginumo) style.
  2. (botany) Ajuga nipponensis, a perennial plant in the mint family and native to Japan

Usage notesEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9