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See also: (katakana), , , , 𠄞, and 𠄠
U+4E8C, 二
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E8C

[U+4E8B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E8D]
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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 7, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 一一 (MM), four-corner 10100, composition一)

  1. Kangxi radical #7, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 86, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 247
  • Dae Jaweon: page 175, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 2, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E8C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

𠄠

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
                 





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nis
*njis
*njis
*njis
*njis

Ideogram (指事) - two parallel lines. Compare with , one line meaning one, , three lines meaning three, and , four lines meaning four. Duplication of (“one”).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g/s-ni-s.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
èr
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
èr
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ni[j]-s/
English two

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2824
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njis/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. two
  2. second
  3. secondary, vice-
  4. again, once more
  5. two-fold, double
  6. fold, times
  7. different; other, else
  8. Short for "twenty, two hundred or two thousand" after hundreds, thousands and ten thousands.
  9. Short for "twenty cents".
  10. (Northeast Mandarin, neologism) stupid, dumb; silly, thick, lacking mental agility (often in a cute way)

Usage notesEdit

See 兩#Usage notes.

SynonymsEdit

  • (used in counting) (liǎng)

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)
Playing cards in Chinese · 撲克牌扑克牌 (pūkèpái) (layout · text)
             
A
             
J Q K 小王 (black), 大王 (red)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Alternative formsEdit

  • (financial or formal)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (nyijH, two).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ni)

  1. two, 2
  2. second
     () () () (もの) (いっ) ()をも ()
    nito o ou mono wa itto o mo ezu
    focus on one thing at a time
     () (あし) ()
    ni no ashi o fumu
    hesitate; think twice; shy or flinch
     () (かい)から () (ぐすり)
    nikai kara megusuri
    trying to do an impossible task (lit. taking eye medicine from the second floor)

NumeralEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal :

(hiragana , rōmaji ni)

  1. (cardinal) two, 2

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ふた
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Originally /huta/: *[puta] > [ɸuta]. The Ablaut form of (hito2, one), which it doubles.

NounEdit

(hiragana ふた, rōmaji futa)

  1. two

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhì, nhị)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


ZhuangEdit

NumeralEdit

  1. Sawndip form of ngeih