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U+8863, 衣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8863

[U+8862]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8864]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 145 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹女 (YHV), four-corner 00732, composition𧘇)

  1. Kangxi radical #145, .

DescendantsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1111, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34091
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1575, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3074, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8863

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːl
*qɯl
*qɯl, *qɯls
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ

Pictogram (象形).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • i - literary;
  • ui - colloquial (only in the sense “placenta”).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /i⁵⁵/
    Harbin /i⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /i²¹/
    Jinan /i²¹³/
    Qingdao /i²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /i²⁴/
    Xi'an /i²¹/
    Xining /ji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /i⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /i³¹/
    Ürümqi /i⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /i⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /i⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /i⁵⁵/
    Kunming /i⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /i³¹/
    Hefei /zz̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /i¹¹/
    Pingyao /i¹³/
    Hohhot /i³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /i⁵³/
    Suzhou /i⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔi³³/
    Wenzhou /i³³/
    Hui Shexian /i³¹/
    Tunxi /i¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /i³³/
    Xiangtan /i³³/
    Gan Nanchang /i⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /i⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ʒï²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ji⁵³/
    Nanning /ji⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /ji⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /i⁵⁵/
    /ui⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /i⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /i⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /i³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /i²³/
    /ta²³/ 訓衫

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (20)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiəi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiəi/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭəi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔe̯i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjɨj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔ(r)əj/
    English clothes

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14837
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (upper) garment; clothes; clothing (Classifier: )
        ―    ―  clothes
      /   ―  nèi  ―  underwear
        ―  shuì  ―  night clothes; pajamas
    2. coating; covering; skin
        ―  táng  ―  sugar coating
      /   ―  qiāng  ―  gun cover
    3. membrane; film
    4. (literary or Min) afterbirth; placenta
    5. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 衣服 (“clothes”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 衣裳衣服
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 衣服
    Mandarin Beijing 衣裳衣服
    Taiwan 衣服衣裳
    Tianjin 衣裳衣服
    Harbin 衣服衣裳
    Shenyang 衣裳
    Jinan 衣裳衣服
    Muping 衣裳
    Luoyang 衣裳
    Jiedian 穿的
    Xi'an 衣裳
    Xining 衣裳
    Xuzhou 衣裳衣服
    Yinchuan 衣裳
    Lanzhou 衣裳
    Ürümqi 衣裳
    Wuhan 衣服衣裳
    Chengdu 衣裳衣服
    Guiyang 衣裳衣服
    Liuzhou 衣裳衣服
    Kunming 衣裳
    Yangzhou 衣裳
    Nanjing 衣裳衣服
    Hefei 衣裳
    Nantong 衣裳
    Cantonese Guangzhou 衫褲
    Hong Kong 衫褲
    Dongguan 衫褲
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 衣裳
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 衫褲
    Gan Nanchang 衣裳
    Lichuan 衣裳
    Pingxiang 衣服
    Hakka Meixian 衫褲
    Xingning 衫褲
    Huidong 衫褲
    Qujiang 衫褲
    Xiaosanjiang 衫褲
    Changting 衫褲
    Pingyu 衫褲
    Wuping 衫褲
    Liancheng 衫褲
    Ninghua 衫褲
    Yudu 衫褲
    Ruijin 衫褲
    Shicheng 衫褲
    Shangyou 衫褲
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫褲
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫褲
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫褲
    Dongshi (Dabu) 衫褲
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 衫褲
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫褲
    Hong Kong 衫褲
    Huizhou Jixi 衣裳
    Jin Taiyuan 衣裳
    Xinzhou 衣裳
    Min Bei Jian'ou 衣裳
    Min Dong Fuzhou 衣裳
    Fuqing 衣裳衫褲
    Matsu 衣裳
    Min Nan Xiamen 衫褲
    Quanzhou 衫褲
    Zhangzhou 衫褲
    Taipei 衫仔褲
    Kaohsiung 衫仔褲
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi 衫仔褲
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang 衫仔褲
    Sanxia
    Yilan 衫仔褲
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore 衫褲
    Philippines (Manila) 衫褲
    Chaozhou 衫褲
    Haikou 衫褲
    Leizhou 衫褲
    Wu Shanghai 衣裳
    Suzhou 衣裳
    Hangzhou 衣裳
    Wenzhou 衣裳衣裳兒服
    Chongming 衣裳
    Danyang 衣裳衣衫
    Jinhua 衣裳
    Ningbo 衣裳衣衫
    Xiang Changsha 衣服衣褲
    Shuangfeng 衣服衣褲
    Loudi 衣褲

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (20)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔe̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjɨjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔ(r)əj-s/
    English wear (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14841
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯls/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to dress; to wear; to put on clothes
      錦還鄉 / 锦还乡  ―  jǐnhuánxiāng  ―  to return home in glory
    2. to cover; to place something over; to wrap up; to bind up
    3. Original form of (, “to rely on”).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. clothing

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ころも
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki completed in 712 CE.

    Ultimate derivation unclear. May be a compound of ころ (koro, uncertain meaning, possibly “wrapping”, cognate with (koro, roller; rolling)) +‎ (mo, lower robe).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ころも, rōmaji koromo)

    1. (archaic) clothes, clothing
    2. a robe (as worn by a monk, nun, or priest)
    3. a coating on an item of food, such as batter or icing
    4. the outer shell or carapace of an insect or other arthropod
    5. the hide or feathers of a small animal
    SynonymsEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    きぬ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Likely cognate with (kinu, silk).[3] Alternatively, may also be a compound of (ki, wearing, the  (れん) (よう) (けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 着る kiru, “to wear”) +‎ (nu, cloth, shortened from normal reading nuno).[3]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana きぬ, rōmaji kinu)

    1. clothes, clothing (particularly clothing worn on the top half of the body)
    2. an overrobe
    3. the skin, hide, or shell of an animal; the bark, rind, or skin of a plant
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    The rendaku form of (ki), the  (れん) (よう) (けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 着る (kiru, “to wear”).[3][4]

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -gi)

    1. clothes, clothing
    Usage notesEdit

    Only found as the latter element in compounds. More commonly spelled .

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨi, “clothes, clothing”).

    The kan'on reading, so likely a more recent borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji i)

    1. clothes, clothing
    Usage notesEdit

    Most often encountered in compounds.

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨi, “clothes, clothing”).

    The goon reading, so likely the older borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji e)

    1. clothes, clothing
    Usage notesEdit

    Not used in isolation. Only encountered in compounds.

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 6Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Ultimate derivation unknown.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji so)

    1. (obsolete) clothes, clothing
    Usage notesEdit

    Only found in compounds.

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ui)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: ui, McCune-Reischauer: ŭi, Yale: uy)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. clothes, clothing

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (kinu).[1][2] Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ちん.[3]

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ちん, romaji chin)

    1. kimono

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ Katrien Hendrickx, The Origins of Banana-fibre Cloth in the Ryukyus, Japan, Leuven University Press: 2007, p 110
    2. ^ http://www.haisai.co.jp/kantanuchinaaguchi.htm
    3. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/31

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (y, ấy, e, )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.