ChineseEdit

taste sound of bells, etc; to scold; whoosh!
simp. and trad.
(味噌)

EtymologyEdit

Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 味噌 (miso).

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

味噌

  1. miso (fermenting soybean paste)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

Jinmeiyō
goon kan’yōon
Alternative spellings
未醤
味醤
 
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味噌 (miso): three different kinds of miso for sale.

EtymologyEdit

*/misau/ → */misɔ//miso/

First attested in Ritsuryō tax records from 738 CE, with the spelling 未醤.[1]

Possibly either directly from Middle Chinese 未醬 (MC mʉiH t͡sɨɐŋH), or a coinage in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived elements as a compound of (mi, not yet, immature) +‎ (, sauce, the older goon reading, from even older sau).

Vovin, however, considers it to be a borrowing from Koreanic,[2] compare Modern Korean 메주 (meju) "brick of dried fermented soybeans."

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

()() (miso

  1. miso (fermented soybean paste)
  2. the innards of a crab or shrimp resembling miso
  3. the good part (from the taste of miso)
    そこがミソなんだよ。
    Soko ga miso na n da yo.
    That's the great part about it.
  4. Short for 味噌っ滓 (misokkasu): a good-for-nothing child
  5. a weakling
  6. a failure
    Synonyms: しくじり (shikujiri), 失敗 (shippai)

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

ProverbsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Chinese: 味噌
  • Min Nan: Mí-sooh
  • English: miso
  • French: miso
  • German: Miso
  • Hindi: मिसो (miso)
  • Italian: miso
  • Korean: 미소 (miso)
  • Persian: میسو(miso)
  • Portuguese: missô
  • Russian: ми́со (míso)
  • Spanish: miso

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

()() (Miso

  1. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2007), “Korean Loanwords”, in Altai Hakpo (알타이학보)[1], volume 17, pages 77-78
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN