ChineseEdit

Du (surname) compose; compile
simp. and trad.
(杜撰)
Literally: “written by Du (Mo)”.

EtymologyEdit

From the name of a Song Dynasty poet Du Mo, whose poetry works often do not conform to the metre patterns of classical Chinese poetry.

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

杜撰

  1. to fabricate; to forge; to make up

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (杜撰):
  • Japanese: 杜撰(ずさん) (zusan)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
さん
Jinmeiyō
goon kan’on

EtymologyEdit

/dusan//d͡zusaɴ//zusaɴ/

Borrowed from Mandarin 杜撰 (dùzhuàn).

Also pronounced zuzan (with rendaku) in older texts.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

()(さん) (zusanづさん (dusan)? -na (adnominal ()(さん) (zusan na), adverbial ()(さん) (zusan ni))

  1. sloppy, careless
    Synonyms: 粗漏 (sorō), でたらめ (detarame)

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

()(さん) (zusanづさん (dusan)?

  1. sloppiness, carelessness
  2. a piece of writing with either unreliable sources or many errors

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

()(さん)する (zusan suruづさん (dusan)? suru (stem ()(さん) (zusan shi), past ()(さん)した (zusan shita))

  1. to make sloppy errors

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Takebayashi, Shigeru (1993) The Kenkyusha Japanese-English Learner's Pocket Dictionary, Tōkyō: Kenkyūsha, →ISBN.