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U+6E4D, 湍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E4D

[U+6E4C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E4E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水山一月 (EUMB), four-corner 32127, composition)

  1. rapid water current, rapids

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 636, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1043, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1677, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6E4D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːlʔ, *sʰrolʔ
*toːlʔ, *toːn
*tjols
*djol, *djon
*djol, *djon
*djols
*toːn
*toːn, *tjonʔ
*toːn, *tʰoːn
*toːn
*toːn
*toːns, *djonʔ
*tʰoːn, *tjon
*tʰoːn
*tʰoːn, *tʰoːns
*stʰons, *tjon, *tʰjons, *djon
*tjon
*tʰjonʔ
*djon
*djon
*djon
*djon, *djonʔ
*djonʔ

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (23)
Final () (62) (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰʷɑn/ /t͡ɕʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰwan/ /cwian/
Li
Rong
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕiuɛn/
Wang
Li
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuān zhuān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ thwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰˁor/
English rushing water

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2507 2515
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰoːn/ /*tjon/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dan) (hangeul , revised dan, McCune–Reischauer tan, Yale tan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: suyền, đoan

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit