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U+63E3, 揣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63E3

[U+63E2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63E4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 手山一月 (QUMB), four-corner 52027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 443, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 794, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1917, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+63E3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢭍
𢰚

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːlʔ, *sʰrolʔ
*toːlʔ, *toːn
*tjols
*djol, *djon
*djol, *djon
*djols
*toːn
*toːn, *tjonʔ
*toːn, *tʰoːn
*toːn
*toːn
*toːns, *djonʔ
*tʰoːn, *tjon
*tʰoːn
*tʰoːn, *tʰoːns
*stʰons, *tjon, *tʰjons, *djon
*tjon
*tʰjonʔ
*djon
*djon
*djon
*djon, *djonʔ
*djonʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *toːlʔ, *sʰrolʔ): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *toːn).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰai⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰai⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuai²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɛ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuai²⁴/ ~在懷裡
Xi'an /p͡fʰai²¹/ ~到懷裡
/p͡fʰai⁵³/ 猜測
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰɛ⁴⁴²/ ~摸
/p͡fʰɛ³¹/ 怀~
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰuai⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuai⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuai⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuæ⁵³/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuae³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰue̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuai⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuæ⁵³/
/suæ⁵³/ 摸~,摸
Hohhot /t͡sʰɛ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰø⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰe̞⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷe̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɛ³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyai⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰai⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰyn³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰui³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰyn³⁵/
/t͡sʰøy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰue⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuai³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei)
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sɔi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (19)
Final () (14)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰˠiuᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰʷᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiuɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰjwiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰjueX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰǐweX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰwie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuǎi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuǎi
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhjweX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tʰ<r>orʔ/
English to measure; to estimate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2495
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰrolʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to speculate; to guess
  2. to measure; to estimate; to assess
  3. to try; to attempt
  4. to hold; to grab
  5. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) to look for; to seek
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“to look for, to seek, to search for”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 尋找
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an ,
Wuhan ,
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan ,
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou ,
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
𬣍𬣫

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Hakka) to guess

Etymology 4Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (5)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/twaX/
Li
Rong
/tuɑX/
Wang
Li
/tuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duǒ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2493
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to measure, to estimate
  2. to shake, to rock

Etymology 5Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 囊揣 (nāngchuài) and 掙揣挣揣 (zhèngchuài).

Etymology 6Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hide or carry something in clothes
  2. to be pregnant
  3. to impose onto someone

Etymology 7Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to strike

Etymology 8Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to measure

Etymology 9Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (tuán, “assembled; gathered”).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chwi, ta) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(suý, suỷ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit