Open main menu
See also: 𣱱, , , , and
U+6C34, 水
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34

[U+6C33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C35]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (U+2F54, Kangxi radical)
  • (when used as a left radical)
  • (when used in characters such as )

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230, composition丿(GJKV) or ⿲丿(HT))

  1. Kangxi radical #85, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

Wikidata has structured data related to:

Wikidata

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𡿭
𣸕

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʷljilʔ
*qʰʷljilʔ


Pictogram (象形) – compare (chuān).

 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lwi(j) (flow; stream) (Benedict, 1974; Coblin, 1986; Handel, 1998; Schuessler, 2007; STEDT). Cognate with Mizo lui (stream; brook; river), Tedim Chin [script needed] (luːi³, stream; river), Jingpho lawi (to flow (as water)).

Old Chinese (OC lhuiʔ) (minimally reconstructed) is Sino-Tibetan root's endoactive derivation with suffix *-ʔ, meaning "that which is flowing"; its voiceless initial suggests the presence of a nominalizing prefix *k- or *s-. Another derivative from the Sino-Tibetan root is possibly (OC winʔ, “to flow”) (minimally reconstructed).

Compare also areal etymon Proto-Mon-Khmer *lujʔ ~ luuj() ~ luəj() ~ ləəj() (to wade; to swim).

Alternatively, Gong (1995) reconstructs Old Chinese *hljədx and compares it to Tibetan ཆུ (chu, water), which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsju (water; liquid; body fluid). Baxter and Sagart (2014), employing evidence from Proto-Min, reconstructs Old Chinese *s.turʔ and compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *twəj (to flow; to suppurate), which is likely related to *m-t(w)əj ~ m-ti-s (water; fluid; to soak; to be wet) (STEDT). Like Gong (1995), Sagart (2017) compares it to Tibetan ཆུ (chu), but he also compares it to Bodo (India) दै, Mizo tui, Proto-Karen *thejᴬ, all of which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-t(w)əj ~ m-ti-s. Handel deems derivations from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsju or *m-t(w)əj ~ m-ti-s unlikely because of phonological issues (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • cūi - literary (common);
  • cṳ̄ - vernacular (only used in some words as the first syllable).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chúi - vernacular;
    • súi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂuei²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʂuei²¹³/
    /suei²¹³/
    Tianjin /suei¹³/
    Jinan /ʂuei⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ʂue⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁵³/
    Xi'an /fei⁵³/
    Xining /fɨ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fei⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ʂuei⁵¹/
    /fei⁵¹/
    Wuhan /suei⁴²/
    Chengdu /suei⁵³/
    Guiyang /suei⁴²/
    Kunming /ʂuei⁵³/
    Nanjing /ʂuəi²¹²/
    Hefei /ʂue²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /suei⁵³/
    Pingyao /suei⁵³/
    Hohhot /suei⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩³⁵/
    Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁵³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ɕye³⁵/
    /ɕy³⁵/
    Tunxi /ɕy³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕyei⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕyəi⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /sui²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /sui³¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃui³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³⁵/
    Nanning /sui³⁵/
    Hong Kong /søy³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui⁵³/
    /t͡sui⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoi³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³¹/
    /tui²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (18)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕˠiuɪX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕʷᵚiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiuɪX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕjwiX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕjuiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕwiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕwiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuǐ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shuǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sywijX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.turʔ/ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)
    English water; river

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11948
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰʷljilʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. water (Classifier: ; ; ; ; )
    2. liquid; potion; juice
        ―  kǒushuǐ  ―  saliva
        ―  yángshuǐ  ―  amniotic fluid
      眼藥 / 眼药  ―  yǎnyàoshuǐ  ―  eyedrop
    3. (colloquial, chiefly Singapore, Malaysia) Synonym of 飲料饮料 (yǐnliào, “beverage”).
      什麼 / 什么  ―  Yào jiào shénme shuǐ?  ―  What beverage do you want to order?
      什物 [Min Nan]  ―  Beh kiò sím-mi̍h chúi? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  What beverage do you want to order?
    4. river
      /   ―  Hànshuǐ  ―  the Han River
    5. body of water
    6. waterway
    7. flood
        ―  shuǐ  ―  (literally) great water
    8. additional cost or income
    9. (Cantonese) money
    10. (Hong Kong Cantonese) hundred dollars (Classifier: 𫩥)
      / 𫩥 [Cantonese]  ―  saam1 gau6 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  three hundred dollars
    11. (colloquial) lacking substance or power; worthless
      國內大學 / 国内大学  ―  Guónèi dàxué tài shuǐ le.  ―  The universities back in China are too weak.
    12. Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.
    13. Sui people
      /   ―  shuǐshū  ―  Shuishu (the traditional writing system of the Sui people)
    14. A surname​.
    DescendantsEdit
    Sino-Xenic ():

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Min Nan: pretty; beautiful”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. water
    2. body of water
    3. fluid, liquid
    4. Short for 水素 (suiso): hydrogen

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    みず
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mi1du⟩ → */mʲidu//mid͡zu//mizu/

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *mentu. Cognate with Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu (whence Toku-No-Shima むぃずぃ (/mɨdzɨ/), Okinawan みじ (/midʑi/ → miji), Miyako みず (midzɿ) and Yonaguni みん (/miɴ/ → min)). Also Goguryeo (*me, river, water) is suspected to be a relative.[1]

    Possibly cognate with (⟨mi1du⟩ → mizu, freshness, youth).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みず, rōmaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

    1. water (sometimes cold and/or fresh)
      • 1999 July 22, “みずおど [Water Dancer]”, in Vol.4, Konami:
        かめから (つぎ) (つぎ)とあふれでる (みず)を、 (りゅう) ()えて (こう) (げき)してくる。
        Kame kara tsugitsugi to afurederu mizu o, ryū ni kaete kōgeki shitekuru.
        When attacking, she transforms the constant overflow of water from her pot into a dragon.
      Synonyms: ウオーター (uōtā), ウォーター (wōtā)
      Antonym: (yu)
    2. drinking water
      Synonyms: 飲水 (insui, nomimizu), 飲用水 (in'yōsui), 飲料水 (inryōsui)
    3. a fluid, liquid
      Synonym: 液体 (ekitai)
    4. a flood
      Synonyms: 大水 (ōmizu), 洪水 (kōzui), 出水 (shussui)
    5. (sumo) Short for 水入り (mizuiri) halting
    6. (sumo) Short for 力水 (chikara mizu) water offered to sumo wrestlers before a bout
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit
    ProverbsEdit

    PrefixEdit

    (hiragana みず, rōmaji mizu-, historical hiragana みづ)

    1. water
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana みず, rōmaji Mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mi1 → */mʲi//mi/

    From Old Japanese.

    Typically found in compounds.[3]

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji mi)

    1. Combining form of みず (mizu) above
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    すい
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /ɕuwʲi/ → */suʷi//sui/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɕˠiuɪX).

    Compare modern Mandarin (shuǐ), modern Min Nan súi.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana すい, rōmaji sui)

    1. water: one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine
    2. Short for 水曜, 水曜日 (suiyō, suiyōbi): Wednesday
    3. shaved ice served with flavored syrup
      Synonym: 氷水 (kōrimizu)
    Usage notesEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana すい, rōmaji Sui)

    1. a female given name

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    もい
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    ⟨mopi1 → */mopʲi//mofi//moi/

    From Old Japanese.

    From the meaning of “that which goes in the , (moi, bowl)”.[2][3]

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana もい, rōmaji moi, historical hiragana もひ)

    1. drinking water
    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2010), “上代日本語と古代・中世韓国語の「水」と「涙」”, in 日韓言語学者会議 : 韓国語を通じた日韓両国の相互理解と共生[1], page 115
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (su) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune–Reischauer ch'im, Yale chim)

    1. ( 수): water

    CompoundsEdit


    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みず, romaji mizu, mikɯ)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みず, romaji mizu, mikɯ)

    1. water

    ReferencesEdit


    MulamEdit

    NounEdit

    (nəm4)

    1. water

    ReferencesEdit


    Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

    1. water

    Oki-No-ErabuEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    1. water

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From earlier 水 (みづ, midzu/midu), attested in 1711 in the Konkoukenshuu (混効験集). The word underwent a pronunciation change due to the shifting of /u/ to /i/ after alveolar consonants. Cognate with Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    1. water

    Derived termsEdit


    Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

    1. water

    VietnameseEdit

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みん, romaji min)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みん, romaji min, hiragana みーん, romaji mīn)

    1. water

    ReferencesEdit

    • The Languages of Japan and Korea (2012), section Yonaguni, page 415 (as miɴ)

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    1. water

    ReferencesEdit