Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
水-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230)

  1. KangXi Radical 85

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh
Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia yue
Gan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gan
Middle Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh-classical
Wu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia wuu
Min Nan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nan
Hakka Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hak

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
水-oracle.svg 水-bronze.svg 水-silk.svg 水-bigseal.svg 水-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuei²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʂuei²¹³/
/suei²¹³/
Tianjin /suei¹³/
Jinan /ʂuei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʂue⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁵³/
Xi'an /fei⁵³/
Xining /fɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
Lanzhou /fei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʂuei⁵¹/
/fei⁵¹/
Wuhan /suei⁴²/
Chengdu /suei⁵³/
Guiyang /suei⁴²/
Kunming /ʂuei⁵³/
Nanjing /ʂuəi²¹²/
Hefei /ʂue²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /suei⁵³/
Pingyao /suei⁵³/
Hohhot /suei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁵³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕye³⁵/
/ɕy³⁵/
Tunxi /ɕy³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɕyəi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /sui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /sui³¹/
Taoyuan /ʃui³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³⁵/
Nanning /sui³⁵/
Hong Kong /søy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui⁵³/
/t͡sui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³¹/
/tui²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (26)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuɪX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕuiX/ /ɕʷiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕjuɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shuǐ ‹ sywijX › /*s.turʔ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)/ water; river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11948 2 /*qʰʷljilʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. water
  2. liquid; potion; juice
  3. river
  4. body of water
  5. waterway
  6. flood
  7. additional cost or income
  8. Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.
  9. A surname​.
  10. Sui people

CompoundsEdit

Appendix:Chinese compounds/水

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (cold) water
  2. “water” radical (みず)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/mi1//mi/

From Old Japanese. Typically found in compounds.[1] May be a contraction of mizu below.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. water
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
みず
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/mi1du//midu//mid͡zu/mizu/

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean (mul, “water”); compare Middle Korean ‎(mil, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water (cold, fresh)
  2. a fluid; a liquid
  3. a flood
  4. halting in sumo
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu-, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(sywijX, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana すい, romaji sui)

  1. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
もい
Grade: 1
Irregular

From the meaning of “that which goes in the ‎(moi, bowl)”.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [mo̞i]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana もい, romaji moi, historical hiragana もひ)

  1. drinking water

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: mul, McCune-Reischauer: mul, Yale: mul)
  1. ( 수, mul-): water
  2. (as an abbreviation) Wednesday

CompoundsEdit


MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(mizu, mikɯ) ‎(hiragana みず)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

NounEdit

‎(mizu, mikɯ) ‎(hiragana みず)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


MulamEdit

NounEdit

‎(nəm4)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(mïzï) ‎(hiragana むぃずぃ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

NounEdit

‎(mïzï) ‎(hiragana むぃずぃ)

  1. water

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

NounEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

  1. water

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier 水 (みづ, midzu/midu), attested in 1711 in the Konkoukenshuu (混効験集). The word underwent a pronunciation change due to the shifting of /u/ to /i/ after alveolar consonants. Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

  1. water

Derived termsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(mïdi) ‎(hiragana むぃでぃ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

NounEdit

‎(mïdi) ‎(hiragana むぃでぃ)

  1. water

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thuỷ, thủy, lương, nhượng)

  1. water

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(min) ‎(hiragana みん)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean ‎(mil, water).

NounEdit

‎(min) ‎(hiragana みん)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • The Languages of Japan and Korea (2012), section Yonaguni, page 415 (as miɴ)

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean ‎(mil, water).

NounEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

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