U+6C34, 水
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34

[U+6C33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C35]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230)

  1. Kangxi radical #85, (water).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
(Cantonese)
(Gan)
(Classical)
(Wu)
chúi (Min Nan)
súi (Hakka)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʷljilʔ
*qʰʷljilʔ

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chúi - vernacular;
  • súi - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuei²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʂuei²¹³/
/suei²¹³/
Tianjin /suei¹³/
Jinan /ʂuei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʂue⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁵³/
Xi'an /fei⁵³/
Xining /fɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
Lanzhou /fei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʂuei⁵¹/
/fei⁵¹/
Wuhan /suei⁴²/
Chengdu /suei⁵³/
Guiyang /suei⁴²/
Kunming /ʂuei⁵³/
Nanjing /ʂuəi²¹²/
Hefei /ʂue²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /suei⁵³/
Pingyao /suei⁵³/
Hohhot /suei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁵³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕye³⁵/
/ɕy³⁵/
Tunxi /ɕy³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɕyəi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /sui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /sui³¹/
Taoyuan /ʃui³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³⁵/
Nanning /sui³⁵/
Hong Kong /søy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui⁵³/
/t͡sui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³¹/
/tui²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕˠiuɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕʷᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕjwiX/
Li
Rong
/ɕjuiX/
Wang
Li
/ɕwiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕwiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shuǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ sywijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.turʔ/ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)
English water; river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11948
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷljilʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. water
  2. liquid; potion; juice
      ―  kǒushuǐ  ―  saliva
  3. river
    /   ―  Hànshuǐ  ―  the Han River
  4. body of water
  5. waterway
  6. flood
  7. additional cost or income
  8. Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.
  9. A surname​.
  10. Sui people
    • /   ―  shuǐshū  ―  Shuishu (the traditional writing system of the Sui people)

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (cold) water
  2. “water” radical (みず)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/mi1//mi/

From Old Japanese. Typically found in compounds.[1] May be a contraction of mizu below.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. water
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
みず
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/mi1du//midu//mid͡zu/mizu/

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean (mul, “water”); compare Middle Korean (mil, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water (cold, fresh)
  2. a fluid; a liquid
  3. a flood
  4. halting in sumo
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu-, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (sywijX, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana すい, romaji sui)

  1. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
もい
Grade: 1
Irregular

From the meaning of “that which goes in the (moi, bowl)”.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [mo̞i]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana もい, romaji moi, historical hiragana もひ)

  1. drinking water

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: mul, McCune-Reischauer: mul, Yale: mul)
  1. ( 수, mul-): water
  2. (as an abbreviation) Wednesday

CompoundsEdit


MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(mizu, mikɯ) ‎(hiragana みず)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

NounEdit

‎(mizu, mikɯ) ‎(hiragana みず)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


MulamEdit

NounEdit

‎(nəm4)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(mïzï) ‎(hiragana むぃずぃ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

NounEdit

‎(mïzï) ‎(hiragana むぃずぃ)

  1. water

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

NounEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

  1. water

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier 水 (みづ, midzu/midu), attested in 1711 in the Konkoukenshuu (混効験集). The word underwent a pronunciation change due to the shifting of /u/ to /i/ after alveolar consonants. Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

  1. water

Derived termsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(mïdi) ‎(hiragana むぃでぃ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

NounEdit

‎(mïdi) ‎(hiragana むぃでぃ)

  1. water

VietnameseEdit

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(min) ‎(hiragana みん)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

NounEdit

‎(min) ‎(hiragana みん)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • The Languages of Japan and Korea (2012), section Yonaguni, page 415 (as miɴ)

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

NounEdit

‎(miji) ‎(hiragana みじ)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit