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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
けん
Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 真劍 (*tsyin *kjæmH, real sword). Compare modern Mandarin 真劍真剑 (zhēnjiàn).

The original meaning was real sword. Over time, this shifted, and the term is now often used to mean serious.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

真剣 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 眞劍, -na inflection, hiragana しんけん, rōmaji shinken)

  1. serious, sincere, intense, honest

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

真剣 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 眞劍, hiragana しんけん, rōmaji shinken)

  1. seriousness
  2. a real metal sword, as opposed to a wooden or bamboo sword

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  • 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, →ISBN