Chinese edit

real; true; genuine face; look; appearance
trad. (真面目/眞面目) / 面目
simp. (真面目) 面目

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

真面目

  1. (idiomatic, often derogatory) true features; true identity; true colors

Derived terms edit

Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3
(ateji)
Grade: 3
Grade: 1
jukujikun kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
眞面目 (kyūjitai)

Appears to be root maji, which is cognate with まじまじ (majimaji, staringly), 瞬ぐ (majirogu, to wink) + (me, eye; visually prominent feature), from the sense of eyes blinking nervously when having a straight face.[1][2][3] First attested in the Nise Monogatari, around 1639-1640.[4]

The kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓) mixed with ateji (当て字), from (ma-) (real) + (face) + (me) (eyes). Compare English true colors.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

真面目(まじめ) (majime-na (adnominal 真面目(まじめ) (majime na), adverbial 真面目(まじめ) (majime ni))

  1. serious, earnest
    真面目(まじめ)やれ
    Majime ni yare!
    Do it seriously!
  2. honest
Inflection edit

Noun edit

真面目(まじめ) (majime

  1. seriousness
  2. honesty
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
めん
Grade: 3
もく
Grade: 1
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
眞面目 (kyūjitai)

Pronunciation edit

  • (Tokyo) んめんもく [shìńméꜜǹmòkù] (Nakadaka – [3])[5]
  • IPA(key): [ɕĩmːẽ̞mːo̞kɯ̟ᵝ]

Adjective edit

(しん)(めん)(もく) (shinmenmoku-na (adnominal (しん)(めん)(もく) (shinmenmoku na), adverbial (しん)(めん)(もく) (shinmenmoku ni))

  1. actual
  2. sincere
Inflection edit

Noun edit

(しん)(めん)(もく) (shinmenmoku

  1. actual value
  2. sincerity

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
めん
Grade: 3
ぼく
Grade: 1
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
眞面目 (kyūjitai)

Pronunciation edit

  • (Tokyo) んめんぼく [shìńméꜜǹbòkù] (Nakadaka – [3])[5]
  • IPA(key): [ɕĩmːẽ̞mbo̞kɯ̟ᵝ]

Adjective edit

(しん)(めん)(ぼく) (shinmenboku-na (adnominal (しん)(めん)(ぼく) (shinmenboku na), adverbial (しん)(めん)(ぼく) (shinmenboku ni))

  1. actual
  2. sincere
Inflection edit

Noun edit

(しん)(めん)(ぼく) (shinmenboku

  1. actual value
  2. sincerity

References edit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 真面目”, in デジタル大辞泉 (Dejitaru Daijisen)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months
  3. ^ 真面目/まじめ - Gogen Yurai Jiten (in Japanese)
  4. ^ 真面目”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[2] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN