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JapaneseEdit

 精霊 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
れい
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 精靈 (MC t͡siᴇŋH leŋ, literally “essence, spirit, soul + soul, spirit”). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

精霊 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 精靈, hiragana せいれい, rōmaji seirei)

  1. the spirit or soul of a thing
    Synonyms: 精気 (seiki) (“spirit, energy, essence of a thing”), (tamashii) (“soul” in general)
  2. the soul of someone who has died
    Synonyms: 霊魂 (reikon) (“soul, spirit”, generally of a person), (tamashii) (“soul” in general)
  3. a supernatural spirit
    • 1999 July 5, “ドリアード [Dryade]”, in BOOSTER 3, Konami:
       (もり) (せい) (れい) (くさ) () (ちから) ()りて (あい) () (うご)きを (ふう)じる。
      Mori no seirei. Kusaki no chikara o karite aite no ugoki o fūjiru.
      A forest spirit. She borrows the life force of plants to block her opponents’ movements.
Usage notesEdit

Not to be confused with 聖霊 (Seirei, Holy Spirit).

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 5
りょう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 精靈 (MC t͡siᴇŋH leŋ, literally “essence, spirit, soul + soul, spirit”). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

精霊 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 精靈, hiragana しょうりょう, rōmaji shōryō, historical hiragana しやうりやう)

  1. (Buddhism) the soul of someone who has died
    Synonyms: 霊魂 (reikon) (“soul, spirit”, generally of a person), (tamashii) (“soul” in general)
  2. (Buddhism) short for 精霊祭り (Shōryō matsuri), a festival honoring one's ancestors, held mainly on the 15th day of the seventh lunar month
  3. (Buddhism) short for 精霊蜻蛉 (Shōryō tonbo), general name given to various kinds of dragonfly that often appear around the time of the Shōryō Matsuri
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN