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U+831C, 茜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-831C

[U+831B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+831D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +6, 9 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 8 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿一金田 (TMCW), four-corner 44601, composition西)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1027, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30871
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1486, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3200, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+831C

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series (西) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sɯːl, *sɯːl
*sraːls, *sɯːlʔ
西 *sɯːl
*sɯːl
*sɯːl
*sɯːl, *sɯːls
*sʰɯːns
*hjɯnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰɯːns): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic 西 (OC *sɯːl).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp. #

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰenH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰenH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɛnH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰenH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13243
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰɯːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (~草) madder (Rubia cordifolia)
  2. dark red
  3. to dye red

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp. #

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in personal names and transcription.

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp. #

Variant of .

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 芫茜.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. madder

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
あかね
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of (aka, red) +‎ (ne, root).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あかね, katakana アカネ, rōmaji akane)

  1. a madder plant of the genus Rubia, especially the Japanese madder, Rubia argyi
  2. a dye made from the roots of a madder plant
  3. Short for 茜色 (akane-iro): madder red
  4. a red dragonfly
    Synonym: 赤とんぼ (aka tonbo)
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

(hiragana あかね, rōmaji Akane)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
せん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰenH).

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana せん, rōmaji Sen)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thiến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.