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U+8693, 蚓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8693

[U+8692]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8694]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中戈弓中 (LINL), four-corner 52100, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1077, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32866
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1546, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2841, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8693

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'inʔ
*hlinʔ
*hlinʔ
*hlinʔ, *linʔ
*linʔ, *lins
*linʔ
*linʔ, *lins
*linʔ, *lins

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *linʔ): semantic  (insect; worm) + phonetic  (OC *linʔ, *lins).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *zril (worm); cognate with Tibetan སྲིལ (sril, silkworm).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/jenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jinX/
Li
Rong
/iĕnX/
Wang
Li
/jĭĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ yinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ](r)ə[r]ʔ/
English earth-worm (khjuw.yinX)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*linʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. earthworm

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 蚯蚓 (“earthworm”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蚯蚓蜿蟺蜸蚕螼蚓
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蚯蚓
Mandarin Beijing 曲蟮
Taiwan 蚯蚓
Tianjin 地蠶
Harbin 曲蛇
Shenyang 曲蛇
Hailar 蚯蚓
Ulan Hot 曲蛇
Tongliao 蚯蚓
Chifeng 曲蟮
Bayanhot 蚯蚓
Jinan 曲蟮
Muping 曲蛇
Luoyang 曲踡
Jiedian 曲蟮
Ronghe 蚰蜒
Xi'an 蚰蜒
Qingdao 曲蟮
Zhengzhou 除串
Xining 曲蟮泥曲蟮
Xuzhou 地曲蚯蚓
Yinchuan 土蟲
Lanzhou 曲蟮
Ürümqi 蚯蚓
Wuhan 曲蟮
Chengdu 曲蟮兒蚯蚓
Guiyang 曲蟮
Guilin 蚜蟲
Liuzhou 蚜蟲
Kunming 曲蟮
Yangzhou 曲蟮
Nanjing 曲蟮
Hefei 曲蟮
Nantong 地龍寒䘆
Cantonese Guangzhou 黃䘆
Hong Kong 黃䘆蚯蚓
Shunde 河䘆
Foshan 巷䘆
Zhongshan 濠䘆
Dongguan 禾䘆
Hong Kong (Weitou) 鵝䘆蛇䘆禾䘆
Taishan 黃䘆
Doumen 禾䘆黃䘆
Kaiping 黃䘆
Shaoguan 黃䘆
Yunfu 黃䘆
Xinyi 黃䘆
Lianjiang 泥䘆
Nanning 黃䘆
Wuzhou 黃䘆地龍
Yulin 蛆彈
Hepu 土努
Kuala Lumpur 黃䘆
Gan Nanchang 寒螼子寒螼
Lichuan 塘蟻
Pingxiang 回䘆
Hakka Meixian 䘆公
Xingning 䘆公
Huidong 䘆公
Qujiang 紅䘆
Xiaosanjiang 黃䘆
Luchuan 紅蟮
Changting 黃䘆
Pingyu 紅䘆
Wuping 黃䘆
Liancheng 黃䘆
Ninghua 河䘆
Yudu 河䘆
Ruijin 河䘆
Shicheng 河蟻
Shangyou 䘆公
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 䘆公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 䘆公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟲䘆
Dongshi (Dabu) 蟲䘆
Zhuolan (Raoping) 䘆公蟲䘆
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蟲䘆
Hong Kong 蟲䘆
Sabah 紅䘆
Senai 紅䘆
Singkawang 紅䘆紅䘆公
Huizhou Shexian 紅蟻
Jin Taiyuan 曲蟮
Xinzhou 茭子魚兒曲蟮兒
Baochang 蚯蚓
Jining 蚯蚓
Hohhot 曲蟮
Baotou 蚯蚓
Dongsheng 蚯蚓
Linhe 蚯蚓
Haibowan 蚯蚓
Min Bei Jian'ou 加溜䘆地龍 large地龍杠 large
Dikou 溜䘆
Jianyang 尿䘆
Wuyishan 地䘆
Shibei 溜䘆
Min Dong Fuzhou 猴蚓地龍 large
Changle 猴蚓
Fuqing 琴蚓地龍 large
Yongtai 猴蚓
Fu'an 猴蚓
Ningde 猴蚓
Shouning 猴蚓
Zhouning 猴蚓
Fuding 猴蚓
Min Nan Xiamen 杜蚓猴蚓
Quanzhou 猴蚓
Zhangzhou 杜蚓
Taipei 牛貫杜蚓仔杜蚓
Kaohsiung 杜蚓仔
Tainan 杜蚓仔
Taichung 杜蚓仔
Wuqi 杜蚓
Hsinchu 杜蚓
Taitung 杜蚓
Lukang 杜蚓
Sanxia 杜蚓
Yilan 杜蚓
Kinmen 杜蚓
Magong 塗蚓杜蚓
Penang cacing
Singapore 杜蚓猴蚓
Pingnan 杜蚓
Chaozhou 蚯蚓
Shantou 蚯蚓
Haifeng 蚯蚓
Johor Bahru 蚯蚓
Wenchang 餌龍
Haikou 塗蚓餌龍
Leizhou 塗蚓𧊗
Puxian Min Putian 猴蚓
Xianyou 猴蚓
Pinghua Nanning 土䏰
Guilin 蚯青
Wu Shanghai 曲蟮蚯蚓
Suzhou 曲蟮
Wuxi 蚯蚓曲蟮
Hangzhou 曲蟮
Wenzhou 康䘆
Chongming 觸蟮
Danyang 曲蟮
Jinhua 水麵蟮麵
Ningbo 曲蟮
Xiang Changsha 曲蟮子
Shuangfeng 曲染子
Xiangtan 曲線子
Loudi 曲蟮子曲蟮
Quanzhou 蚜蟲

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. earthworm

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(in) (hangeul , revised in, McCune–Reischauer in, Yale in)

  1. (지렁이) earthworm, rainworm

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit