ChineseEdit

earthworm
simp. and trad.
(蚯蚓)
alternative forms
 
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EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “what does 蚯 mean?”)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gao6 ung2 - vernacular;
  • kiu1 ing2 - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    Initial () (29) (36)
    Final () (136) (43)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨu/ /jiɪnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiu/ /jinX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiəu/ /jenX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰuw/ /jinX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiu/ /iĕnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭəu/ /jĭĕnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ə̯u/ /i̯ĕnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiū yǐn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiū yǐn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjuw › ‹ yinX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰə/ /*[ɢ](r)ə[r]ʔ/
    English 蚯蚓 khjuw.yinX earth-worm earth-worm (khjuw.yinX)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    No. 10525 15307
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷɯ/ /*linʔ/
    Notes

    NounEdit

    蚯蚓

    1. earthworm (Classifier: )

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic (蚯蚓):
    • Japanese: (きゅう)(いん) (kyūin)
    • Korean: 구인 (蚯蚓, gu-in)

    JapaneseEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
    Irregular
     ミミズ on Japanese Wikipedia

    The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓) (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    蚯蚓(みみず) (mimizu (counter ) (alternative reading hiragana めめず, rōmaji memezu)

    1. an earthworm (worm (animal))
      • 2005 August 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “(だい)六十四(くん) キャラクターはシルエットだけで(どく)(しゃ)()()けがつくように()()けよう [Lesson 64: Characters Should Be Drawn So That Readers Can Make Them Out with just the Silhouettes]”, in (ぎん)(たま) [Silver Soul], volume 8 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
        どっかでミミズ(しょう)便(べん)でも ひっかけてきたんじゃないかィ?()れるっていうよね
        Dokka de mimizu ni shōben demo hikkaketekitan ja nai ki? Harerutte iu yo ne
        Did you piss on a worm somewhere? You said swollen right?
        (なに)()っちゃってんの (めい)(しん)だろそんな…
        Nani itchatten no Meishin daro sonna…
        What you talkin’ about? That’s just a superstition…
    Usage notesEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    きゅう
    Hyōgaiji
    いん
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese 蚯蚓 (khjuw yinX). Compare modern Mandarin 蚯蚓 (qiūyǐn).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    蚯蚓(きゅういん) (kyūin (historical kana きういん)

    1. an earthworm (worm (animal))

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Hanja in this term

    NounEdit

    蚯蚓 (gu-in) (hangeul 구인)

    1. Hanja form? of 구인 (earthworm).