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U+5FCD, 忍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FCD

[U+5FCC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FCE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸戈心 (SIP), four-corner 17332, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 376, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10312
  • Dae Jaweon: page 702, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2271, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5FCD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːnʔ, *njɯnʔ
*nɯn
*njɯnʔ
*njɯnʔ
*njɯns
*njɯns, *njɯŋs
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njɯnʔ): phonetic  (OC *njɯns, blade) + semantic  (heart).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lím/jím - literary;
  • lún - vernacular.
Note:
  • lung2 - vernacular;
  • rim2 - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3nyin - colloquial;
    • 3zen - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐən²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʐən²¹³/
    Tianjin /in¹³/
    /ʐən¹³/
    Jinan /ʐẽ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʐən⁵³/
    Xi'an /ʐẽ⁵³/
    Xining /ʐə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /nən⁴²/
    Chengdu /zən⁵³/
    Guiyang /zen⁴²/
    Kunming /ʐə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /ʐən²¹²/
    Hefei /ʐən²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /ʐəŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ²³/
    /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən³¹/
    Hangzhou /zen¹³/
    Wenzhou /ȵaŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /niʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /ȵin²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʐən⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /in⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵɨn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn³⁵/
    Nanning /jɐn²⁴/
    Hong Kong /jɐn³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lim⁵³/
    /lun⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /neiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /zim⁵³/
    /luŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zin²¹³/
    /zun²¹³/
    /nun²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵiɪnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵinX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑjenX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵinX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiĕnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭĕnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ĕnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    rěn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    rěn rěn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyinX › ‹ nyinX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nə[n]ʔ/ /*nə[n]ʔ/
    English cruel endure

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10828
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njɯnʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to endure; to bear; to suffer
    2. to forbear
        ―  rěn xiào  ―  to stifle a laugh
      眼淚 / 眼泪  ―  rěn zhe yǎnlèi  ―  to hold back tears

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. patience, endurance, stamina.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana しのぶ, rōmaji Shinobu)

    1. A unisex given name
    2. A surname​.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (in)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: in, McCune–Reischauer: in, Yale: in)
      • Name (hangeul): 참다

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nhẫn, nhịn, những, nhẩn, nhẵn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.