ChineseEdit

west south
simp. and trad.
(西南)
西

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (8)
Final () (39) (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sei/ /nʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/sei/ /nəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛi/ /nɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛj/ /nəm/
Li
Rong
/sei/ /nᴀm/
Wang
Li
/siei/ /nɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siei/ /năm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sai1 naam4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nán
Middle
Chinese
‹ sej › ‹ nom ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-nˁər/ /*nˁ[ə]m/
English west south

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13236 9355
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*sɯːl/ /*nuːm/

NounEdit

西南

  1. southwest

Proper nounEdit

西南

  1. (specifically) Southwestern China (made up of Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Yunnan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region)

Coordinate termsEdit

西北 東北
西  
西南 東南


DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (西南):
  • Japanese: 西南(せいなん) (seinan)
  • Korean: 서남 (西南, seonam)
  • Vietnamese: tây nam (西南)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
西
せい
Grade: 2
なん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

NounEdit

西(せい)(なん) (seinan

  1. southwest

Coordinate termsEdit

西北(せいほく) (seihoku)
北西(ほくせい) (hokusei)
(きた) (kita) 東北(とうほく) (tōhoku)
北東(ほくとう) (hokutō)
西(にし) (nishi)   (ひがし) (higashi)
西南(せいなん) (seinan)
南西(なんせい) (nansei)
(みなみ) (minami) 東南(とうなん) (tōnan)
南東(なんとう) (nantō)



KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term
西

NounEdit

西南 (seonam) (hangeul 서남)

  1. Hanja form? of 서남 (southwest).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term
西

NounEdit

西南

  1. Hán tự form of tây nam (southwest).

VerbEdit

西南

  1. Hán tự form of tây nam (to southwest).