ChineseEdit

west north
trad. (西北) 西
simp. #(西北) 西

PronunciationEdit


Note: sai pak - summer shower.

Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (1)
Final () (39) (131)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sei/ /pək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sei/ /pək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛi/ /pək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛj/ /pək̚/
Li
Rong
/sei/ /pək̚/
Wang
Li
/siei/ /pək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siei/ /pək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西 西
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běi
Middle
Chinese
‹ sej › ‹ sej › ‹ pok ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-nˁər/ /*s-nˁər/ /*pˁək/
English west west north

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13236 414
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*sɯːl/ /*pɯːɡ/

NounEdit

西北

  1. northwest
  2. (Min Nan) summer shower; convectional rain

SynonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

西北

  1. (specifically) northwestern China

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (compass points)
西北 東北
西  
西南 東南


DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (西北):
  • Japanese: 西北(せいほく) (seihoku)
  • Korean: 서북 (西北, seobuk)
  • Vietnamese: tây bắc (西北)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
西
せい
Grade: 2
ほく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

NounEdit

西北(せいほく) (seihoku

  1. northwest

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (compass points)
西北(せいほく) (seihoku)/北西(ほくせい) (hokusei) (きた) (kita) 東北(とうほく) (tōhoku)/北東(ほくとう) (hokutō)
西(にし) (nishi)   (ひがし) (higashi)
西南(せいなん) (seinan)/南西(なんせい) (nansei) (みなみ) (minami) 東南(とうなん) (tōnan)/南東(なんとう) (nantō)



KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term
西

NounEdit

西北 (seobuk) (hangeul 서북)

  1. Hanja form? of 서북 (northwest).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term
西

NounEdit

西北

  1. Hán tự form of tây bắc (northwest).

VerbEdit

西北

  1. Hán tự form of tây bắc (to northwest).