Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓口 (OINR), four-corner 80602, composition)

  1. hold in mouth
  2. cherish
  3. contain

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 178, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3350
  • Dae Jaweon: page 395, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 592, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+542B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xan³⁵/
Harbin /xan²⁴/
Tianjin /xan⁴⁵/
Jinan /xã⁴²/
Qingdao /xã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xan⁴²/
Xi'an /xã²⁴/
Xining /xã²⁴/
Yinchuan /xan⁵³/
Lanzhou /xɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /xan⁵¹/
Wuhan /xan²¹³/
Chengdu /xan³¹/
Guiyang /xan²¹/
Kunming /xã̠³¹/
Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦø¹³/
Suzhou /ɦø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦø³¹/
/gaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xɛ⁴⁴/
/kʰɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɵn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /ham¹¹/
Taoyuan /hɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐm²¹/
Nanning /hɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /hɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ham³⁵/
/kam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /aŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ham⁵⁵/
/kam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ham³¹/
/kam³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʌm/ /ɣăm/ /ɣᴀm/ /ɦəm/ /ɦəm/ /ɣɒm/ /ɣɒm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hán ‹ hom › /*Cə-m-kˤ[ə]m/ hold in the mouth
hán ‹ homH › /*Cə-m-[k]ˤ[ə]m-s/ to put in the mouth

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6560 1 /*ɡɯːm/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hàm)

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