Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 161 +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一女木戈 (MVDI), four-corner 71343, composition)

  1. humiliate, insult, abuse, disgrace

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38686
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3607, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FB1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐu²¹⁴/
Harbin /lu²¹³/
/ʐu²¹³/
Tianjin /iu¹³/
/ʐu¹³/
Jinan /lu⁵⁵/
Qingdao /lu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐu²⁴/
Xi'an /ʐou⁵³/
Xining /v̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʐu⁵³/
Lanzhou /vu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐu⁵¹/
/vu⁵¹/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /zu³¹/
/zu⁵³/
Guiyang /zu²¹/
Kunming /ʐu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuəʔ²/
Pingyao /zuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
Suzhou /zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /zoʔ²/
Wenzhou /jɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iu²²/
Tunxi /ȵiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /luʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /juk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨok̚/ /ȵʑi̯wok̚/ /ȵiok̚/ /ȵiok̚/ /ȵuawk̚/ /ȵʑĭwok̚/ /ȵʑiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nyowk › /*nok/ disgrace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10877 0 /*njoɡ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yok) (hangeul , revised yok, McCune-Reischauer yok, Yale yok)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhục, nhọc, nhúc, nhuốc)

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