U+8FB0, 辰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8FB0

[U+8FAF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FB1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰɯl, *tʰɯnʔ, *tʰɯn
*tɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *tjɯns
*tjɯn, *tjɯn
*tjɯn, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *ɦljun
*tjɯn
*tjɯnʔ, *tjɯns
*tjɯnʔ
*tjɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn
*tjɯns, *hljɯn
*djɯns, *djɯnʔ, *djins
*djɯn
*djɯn, *ɦljɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̥ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
*djun
*ɦljun
*ɦljun

Pictogram (象形) – a man with a hoe.

Han characterEdit

(radical 161 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一一女 (MMMV), four-corner 71232)

  1. 5th earthly branch (), a division of the orbit of Jupiter variously equated with
    1. (Chinese zodiac) dragon ()
    2. (navigation) a bearing of 120º (between ESE and SE)
    3. (Chinese calendar) the 3rd lunar month (三月)
    4. (Chinese calendar) the 5th day or year in a dozen
    5. (Chinese timekeeping) the 2-hour period between 7 and 9 am
  2. early morning generally
  3. eastern
  4. various early Korean states
  5. A surname​.
  6. Kangxi radical #161, (morning).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3606, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FB0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
Guiyang /sen²¹/
Kunming /ʂə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /sən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn²¹/
Nanning /sɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑin/
Li
Rong
/ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ər/
English 5th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1372
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Sinitic .

NounEdit

‎(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

Etymology 2Edit

By extension from the verb たつ(tatsu, to get up, to take off), from the notion of a dragon flying.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たつ, romaji tatsu)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac
  2. by extension from the zodiac:
    1. the name of the year or day corresponding to the fifth in a cycle of twelve
    2. roughly east-southeast, specifically 30° south of due east (i.e. a bearing of 120°)
    3. the hour of the dragon, specifically 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM; sometimes treated as 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM instead
    4. alternate name for 三月(sangatsu, the month of March)
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jin, sin)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: jin, sin, McCune-Reischauer: chin, sin, Yale: cin, sin)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thìn, thần, thì)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.