Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a man with a hoe.

Han characterEdit

(radical 161 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一一女 (MMMV), four-corner 71232)

  1. 5th earthly branch (), a division of the orbit of Jupiter variously equated with
    1. (Chinese zodiac) dragon ()
    2. (navigation) a bearing of 120º (between ESE and SE)
    3. (Chinese calendar) the 3rd lunar month (三月)
    4. (Chinese calendar) the 5th day or year in a dozen
    5. (Chinese timekeeping) the 2-hour period between 7 and 9 am
  2. early morning generally
  3. eastern
  4. various early Korean states
  5. a surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3606, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FB0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
Guiyang /sen²¹/
Kunming /ʂə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /sən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn²¹/
Nanning /sɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑin/
Li
Rong
/ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ər/
English 5th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1372
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Sinitic .

NounEdit

‎(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

Etymology 2Edit

By extension from the verb たつ ‎(tatsu, to get up, to take off), from the notion of a dragon flying.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たつ, romaji tatsu)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac
  2. by extension from the zodiac:
    1. the name of the year or day corresponding to the fifth in a cycle of twelve
    2. roughly east-southeast, specifically 30° south of due east (i.e. a bearing of 120°)
    3. the hour of the dragon, specifically 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM; sometimes treated as 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM instead
    4. alternate name for 三月 ‎(sangatsu, the month of March)
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jin, sin)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: jin, sin, McCune-Reischauer: chin, sin, Yale: cin, sin)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thần, thìn, thì)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language