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TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 161 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一一女 (MMMV), four-corner 71232)

  1. Kangxi radical #161, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3606, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FB0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𫝕
𨑃 (ancient form)
𨑄 (ancient form)
𠨷 (ancient form)
𠩟 (ancient form)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
tʰɯl, *tʰɯnʔ, *tʰɯn
tɯnʔ, *djɯn
tjɯn, *tjɯns
tjɯn, *tjɯn
tjɯn, *djɯn
tjɯn, *ɦljun
tjɯn
tjɯnʔ, *tjɯns
tjɯnʔ
tjɯnʔ, *djɯn
tjɯn
tjɯns, *hljɯn
djɯns, *djɯnʔ, *djins
djɯn
djɯn, *ɦljɯn
djɯn
djɯn
djɯn
djɯnʔ
djɯnʔ
djɯnʔ
ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̥ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
djun
ɦljun
ɦljun

Pictogram (象形) – a man with a hoe.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
Guiyang /sen²¹/
Kunming /ʂə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /sən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn²¹/
Nanning /sɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑin/
Li
Rong
/ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ər/
English 5th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1372
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fifth of twelve earthly branches (地支), a division of the orbit of Jupiter variously equated with
    1. (Chinese zodiac) dragon ()
    2. (navigation) a bearing of 120º (between ESE and SE)
    3. (Chinese calendar) the 3rd lunar month (三月)
    4. (Chinese calendar) the 5th day or year in a dozen
    5. (Chinese timekeeping) the 2-hour period between 7 and 9 am
  2. Alternative form of (“early morning”)
  3. A surname​.

Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the dragon as the fifth sign in the Chinese zodiac

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
たつ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From the verb たつ (tatsu, to get up, to take off) (whence also (tatsu, dragon)), from the notion of a dragon flying.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana たつ, rōmaji Tatsu)

  1. the Dragon, the fifth of the twelve Earthly Branches

NounEdit

(hiragana たつ, rōmaji tatsu)

  1. by extension from the zodiac:
    1. the name of the year or day corresponding to the fifth in a cycle of twelve
    2. roughly east-southeast, specifically 30° south of due east (i.e. a bearing of 120°)
    3. the hour of the dragon, specifically 7:00 AM to 9:00 AM; sometimes treated as 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM instead
    4. alternate name for 三月 (sangatsu, the month of March)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (dzyin)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

  1. the Dragon, the fifth of the twelve Earthly Branches

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jin, sin)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: jin, sin, McCune-Reischauer: chin, sin, Yale: cin, sin)
    • Name (hangeul): 별, 때
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thìn, thần, thì)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.