See also:
U+8FB2, 農
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8FB2

[U+8FB1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FB3]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 161, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿田一一女 (TWMMV), four-corner 55232, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38688
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3607, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8FB2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

In current form Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (field). Top unrelated to , and previously two hands, one on either side of a bundle – a farmer bringing goods to market, from the field .

EtymologyEdit

Probably Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (OC *noːɡs, *nuːɡ, “hoe, rake; to weed”), possibly derived from it with the terminative suffix *-ŋ for action with a goal, i.e. "to get a field hoed" > "cultivated"; compare (OC *maŋ, “to disappear”) from (OC *ma, “(there is) no”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Huang (2000), Norman (1983) and Zhou (1986) hypothesised that this is the same etymon as (OC *nuːŋ, “person, I, me”). See there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lâng - vernacular;
  • lông - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /nuŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /nəŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /nu⁴⁵/
    /nuŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /nuŋ⁴²/
    /nu⁴²/
    Qingdao /nu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /nuŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
    Xining /luə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /nuŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
    Kunming /noŋ³¹/
    Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /nəŋ¹¹/
    /nuəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /nəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /nə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /noŋ²³/
    Suzhou /noŋ¹³/
    Hangzhou /noŋ²¹³/
    /ȵioŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /noŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /lin¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /nən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /nuŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /nuŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /noŋ²¹/
    Nanning /nuŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /nuŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lɔŋ³⁵/
    /laŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
    /naŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /nɔŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (5)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nuoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nuoŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /noŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /noŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /nuoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nuoŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nóng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[o]ŋ/
    English agriculture; to farm

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9571
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːŋ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to cultivate; to farm
    2. land cultivation; farming; agriculture
    3. farmer; grower
    4. (Catholicism) Nun

    SynonymsEdit

    • (farmer):
    • (Nun): (Protestantism) (nèn)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. agriculture, farming

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    のう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (nowng, agriculture, farming).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (のう) (

    1. agriculture, farming
    2. a farmer

    Usage notesEdit

    For the farmer sense, the terms 農家 (nōka) or 農夫 (nōfu, male farmer) or 農婦 (nōfu, female farmer) may be used more often.

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (nong) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nông, nong, nôn, núng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.