See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
農-oracle.svg 農-bronze.svg 農-bigseal.svg 農-seal.svg

In current form Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(field). Top unrelated to 曲, and previously two hands, one on either side of a bundle – a farmer bringing goods to market, from the field 辰.

Han characterEdit

(radical 161 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿田一一女 (TWMMV), four-corner 55232, composition)

  1. agriculture, farming
  2. farmer

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38688
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3607, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8FB2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /nuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /nəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /nu⁴⁵/
/nuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /nuŋ⁴²/
/nu⁴²/
Qingdao /nu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /nuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
Xining /luə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /nuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
Kunming /noŋ³¹/
Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /nəŋ¹¹/
/nuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /nəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /nə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /noŋ¹³/
Suzhou /noŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /noŋ²¹³/
/ȵioŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /noŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /nuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /nuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /noŋ²¹/
Nanning /nuŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /nuŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lɔŋ³⁵/
/laŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
/naŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nɔŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (8)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nuoŋ/ /nuoŋ/ /noŋ/ /nuoŋ/ /nawŋ/ /nuoŋ/ /noŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nóng ‹ nowng › /*nˤ[o]ŋ/ agriculture; to farm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9571 0 /*nuːŋ/ 金文從田不從囟

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. agriculture, farming

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
のう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese agriculture, farming ‎(nowng).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana のう, romaji )

  1. agriculture, farming
  2. a farmer

Usage notesEdit

For the farmer sense, the terms 農家 ‎(nōka) or 農夫 ‎(nōfu, male farmer) or 農婦 ‎(nōfu, female farmer) may be used more often.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(nong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: nong, McCune-Reischauer: nong, Yale: nong)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nông, nong, nôn, núng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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