TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
書-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
書-bronze.svg 書-bigseal.svg 書-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中土日 (LGA), four-corner 50601)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 502, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 874, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1509, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+66F8

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (書), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 傷魚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨʌ/ /ɕi̯wo/ /ɕiɔ/ /ɕiɔ/ /ɕɨə̆/ /ɕĭo/ /ɕiɔ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shū ‹ syo › /*s-ta/ write

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17013 0 /*hlja/

NounEdit

(classifiers , , )

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) a book, a codex
  2. a collection of bamboo or wooden slips, the traditional form of records in China
  3. a letter, a document
  4. the form of a written or printed Chinese character, style of calligraphy, script, font
  5. Chinese characters
  6. the art of calligraphy
  7. an ancient government post in charge of secretarial duties
  8. an imperial edict
  9. storytelling

VerbEdit

  1. (classical, literary) to write

Proper nounEdit

  1. Abbreviation of 書經书经: the Classic of History

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “書”, MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-02-24

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 書順 ‎(かきじゅん, kakijun)
  • 書物 ‎(しょもつ, shomotsu)
  • 書初 ‎(かきぞめ, kakizome)
  • 書院 ‎(しょいん, shoin)
  • 書家 ‎(しょか, shoka)
  • 書架 ‎(しょか, shoka)
  • 書画 ‎(しょが, shoga)
  • 書簡 ‎(しょかん, shokan)
  • 書記 ‎(しょき, shoki)
  • 書式 ‎(しょしき, shoshiki)
  • 書写 ‎(しょしゃ, shosha)
  • 書籍 ‎(しょせき, shoseki)
  • 書体 ‎(しょたい, shotai)
  • 書道 ‎(しょどう, shodō)
  • 書法 ‎(しょほう, shohō)
  • 書面 ‎(しょめん, shomen)
  • 書物 ‎(しょもつ, shomotsu)
  • 書類 ‎(しょるい, shorui)
  • 書棚 ‎(しょだな, shodana)
  • 楷書 ‎(かいしょ, kaisho)
  • 教科書 ‎(きょうかしょ, kyōkasho)
  • 行書 ‎(ぎょうしょ, gyōsho)
  • 原書 ‎(げんしょ, gensho)
  • 辞書, 辭書 ‎(じしょ, jisho)
  • 新書 ‎(しんしょ, shinsho)
  • 聖書 ‎(せいしょ, seisho)
  • 清書 ‎(せいしょ, seisho)
  • 誓書 ‎(せいしょ, seisho)

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana しょ, romaji -sho)

  1. document

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune-Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thư)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language