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U+5BF8, 寸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BF8

[U+5BF7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BF9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 41 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木戈 (DI), four-corner 40300)

  1. Kangxi radical #41, .

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 293, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7411
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 503, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BF8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sʰuːn
sʰuːnʔ
sʰuːnʔ
sʰuːns

Ideogram (指事) – a position on the forearm where the pulse can be palpated by compressing the radial artery. It is called 寸口 in modern Chinese and the meaning of a unit of measurement is derived from the distance between the wrist and this position. Compare , , .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhùn - literary;
  • chhǹg - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰuənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰuonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰwənH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰuənH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cùn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cùn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshwonH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˤu[n]-s/
English thumb; inch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1913
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰuːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (units of measure) A cun or Chinese inch, a traditional unit of length of aboutcm.
    1. (Mainland China) Short for 市寸.
    2. (Hong Kong) Legally defined as the tsun of 3.71475 cm.
  2. (informal) Short for 英寸 (yīngcùn, “inch”).
  3. (figuratively) very short or little
  4. (traditional Chinese medicine) cunkou pulse; radial artery pulse at the wrist
  5. (Mandarin, colloquial) coincidental; unbelievable; opportune
  6. A surname​.

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (fēn, “110 cun”)
  • (chǐ, “10 cun”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. measurement

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana すん, rōmaji sun)

  1. sun (a Japanese length measurement equivalent to 10 bu () or approximately 3.03 cm)

Coordinate termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

(chon)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: chon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'on, Yale: chon)
    • Name (hangeul): 마디 (revised: madi, McCune-Reischauer: madi, Yale: mati)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation 2Edit

(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

  1. Hanja form? of , “a chi, a Korean inch”.

Pronunciation 3Edit

(don) (hangeul , revised don, McCune-Reischauer ton, Yale tōn)

  1. Hanja form? of , “a don, a small Korean unit of weight”.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thốn, dón, són, thuỗn, xốn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.