See also: and
U+5BF8, 寸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BF8

[U+5BF7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BF9]
U+2F28, ⼨
KANGXI RADICAL INCH

[U+2F27]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F29]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 41, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木戈 (DI), four-corner 40300, composition 𬺰)

  1. Kangxi radical #41, .

Derived characters edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 293, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7411
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 503, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BF8

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Shuowen considered it Ideogram (指事) – a position on the forearm where the pulse can be palpated by compressing the radial artery. It is called 寸口 in modern Chinese, and the meaning of a unit of measurement is derived from the distance between the wrist and this position. Compare , , , .

However, it may be an abbreviated form of (zūn), borrowed to mean a unit of measurement (see: 李轶.先秦度量单位"尺""寸"用字考[J].云南师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版), 2010, 42(5).DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-5110.2010.05.017.)

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • chhùn - literary;
  • chhǹg - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (14)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter tshwonH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰuənH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰuonH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰuənH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰwənH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰuənH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰuənH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰuənH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cùn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cyun3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    cùn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tshwonH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[tsʰ]ˁu[n]-s/
    English thumb; inch

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1913
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰuːns/

    Definitions edit

    1. (units of measure) A cun or Chinese inch, a traditional unit of length of aboutcm.
      1. (Mainland China) Short for 市寸 (shìcùn).
      2. (Hong Kong) Legally defined as the tsun of 3.71475 cm.
    2. (informal) Short for 英寸 (yīngcùn, “inch”).
    3. (figurative) very short or little
    4. (traditional Chinese medicine) cunkou pulse; radial artery pulse at the wrist
    5. (Mandarin, colloquial) coincidental; unbelievable; opportune
    6. a surname
    Coordinate terms edit
    • (fēn, “110 cun”)
    • (chǐ, “10 cun”)

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (すん) (sun)
    • Korean: 촌(寸) (chon)
    • Vietnamese: thốn ()

    Etymology 2 edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to ponder; to speculate; to think; etc.”).
    (This character is a variant form of ).

    Etymology 3 edit

    Pronunciation edit

    Definitions edit

    1. (Cantonese) Alternative form of

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    すん
    Grade: 6
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC tshwonH).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (すん) (sun

    1. a Japanese measurement of length equivalent to 10 (bu) or approximately 3.03 cm
    2. (by extension) a length, measurement
    3. shortness, fewness
    4. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Coordinate terms edit
    Derived terms edit
    Descendants edit

    Affix edit

    (すん) (sun

    1. sun (measurement of length)
    2. (by extension) length, measurement
    3. minimal, negligible
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Suffix edit

    () (-ki

    1. (archaic) unit used in ancient times to measure lengths of horses
    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    1. ^ Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC tshwonH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 촌〮 (Yale: chwón)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] ᄆᆞᄃᆡ (Yale: mòtòy) 촌〯 (Yale: chwǒn)

    Pronunciation edit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕʰo̞(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 마디 (madi chon))

    1. Hanja form? of (degree of kinship). [noun]

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Okinawan edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    Kanji in this term
    しん
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (sun).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (しん) (shinすぃん (sin)?

    1. a measurement of length equivalent to 10 (bu) or approximately 3.03 cm

    Coordinate terms edit

    Derived terms edit

    Old Japanese edit

    Etymology edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Suffix edit

    (-ki(?)) (kana )

    1. ancient measurement of length equivalent to the modern Japanese sun or approximately 3.03 cm

    Descendants edit

    • Japanese: (-ki)

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Việt readings: thốn[1][2][3][4][5][6]
    : Nôm readings: thốn[1][2][3], xốn[2][3], thổn[1], dón[3], són[3], thuỗn[3]

    1. chữ Hán form of thốn (cun, a unit of length).

    References edit