head; chief; first (occasion); first (thing); measure word for poems
|simp. and trad.
- capital (of a state, autonomous region, etc.)
When translating the English term capital city, use 首都 (shǒudū) when referring to the capital of a country, 首府 (shǒufǔ) when referring to the capital of a state or autonomous region, and 省會／省会 (shěnghuì) when referring to the capital of a province. Alternative terms for the capital of a country include 國都／国都 (guódū), 京城 (jīngchéng), 京都 (jīngdū), 京邑 (jīngyì) and 都城 (dūchéng) all of which are more commonly used in literary language.
- An alternate name used for various capitals, particularly Dali (大理) when it served as the capital of an independent medieval kingdom.
|Kanji in this term|
首府 • (shufu)
|Hán tự in this term|