Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 185 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹月山 (THBU), four-corner 80601, composition𦣻)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1427, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1953, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4500, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9996

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𩠐

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Simplified from 𩠐 (). Originally Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljuʔ, *hljus):  + 𦣻.

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Tibetan; cognate with Mizo lu ‎(head). This word has also been compared with Proto-Austronesian *quluh ‎(head) (Malay hulu) and Proto-Tai *klawᶜ ~ krawᶜ ‎(head; hair knot) (Thai เกล้า ‎(glâo, hair; head)), and was used by Sagart to support his Sino-Austronesian hypothesis. Compare (OC *l'uːʔ, “path, road”) (with the same phonetic component) and its relationship with Proto-Hmong-Mien *kləuX ‎(road, way).

This word was replaced by (OC *doː, “head”) by the Zhanguo period, possibly due to early homophony with (OC *hnjɯwʔ, “hand”).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (136) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨuX/ /ɕɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiuX/ /ɕiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiəuX/ /ɕiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕuwX/ /ɕuwH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiuX/ /ɕiuH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəuX/ /ɕĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ə̯uX/ /ɕi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǒu shòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǒu shǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ syuwX › ‹ syuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥uʔ/ /*l̥uʔ-s/
English head turn the head towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11671 11672
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljuʔ/ /*hljus/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. head
  2. chief, leader
  3. start, beginning
  4. first; best; highest
  5. poem
  6. to face (a direction)
  7. side, direction
  8. to report someone to the authorities
  9. Classifier for songs and poems.  all nouns using this classifier

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. neck
  2. counter for songs and poems
  3. beginning, first

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くび
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くび, romaji kubi)

  1. neck (part of the body connecting head and torso)
  2. the neck and head as a whole
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おびと, romaji obito)

  1. (archaic) one who rules or commands a group of people; a chief

Etymology 3Edit

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either ‎(kami, upper) or ‎(kami, hair) with the suffix ‎(he, location).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana こうべ, romaji kōbe, historical hiragana かうべ)

  1. (part of the body) head

Etymology 4Edit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana しゅ, romaji -shu)

  1. poems and songs

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): 머리 (revised: meori, McCune-Reischauer: mŏri)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thủ, thú)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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