|capital; Beijing (abbrev.)||city walls; city; town|
|simp. and trad.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): ging1 sing4
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): kîn-sàng
- Min Nan (POJ): kiaⁿ-siâⁿ
- Min Nan
When translating the English term capital city, use 首都 (shǒudū) when referring to the capital of a country, 首府 (shǒufǔ) when referring to the capital of a state or autonomous region, and 省會／省会 (shěnghuì) when referring to the capital of a province. Alternative terms for the capital of a country include 國都／国都 (guódū), 京城, 京都 (jīngdū), 京邑 (jīngyì) and 都城 (dūchéng) all of which are more commonly used in literary language.