ChineseEdit

capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
 
metropolis; capital city; all
metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely; even; already
simp. and trad.
(京都)

EtymologyEdit

“Kyoto”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 京都 (Kyōto).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (5)
Final () (111) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋ/ /tuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋ/ /tuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/ /to/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/ /tɔ/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/ /to/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/ /tu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/ /tuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ging1 dou1

NounEdit

京都

  1. (literary) capital city (of a country)

Usage notesEdit

When translating the English term capital city, use 首都 (shǒudū) when referring to the capital of a country, 首府 (shǒufǔ) when referring to the capital of a state or autonomous region, and 省會省会 (shěnghuì) when referring to the capital of a province. Alternative terms for the capital of a country include 國都国都 (guódū), 京城 (jīngchéng), 京都 (jīngdū), 京邑 (jīngyì) and 都城 (dūchéng) all of which are more commonly used in literary language.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (京都):
  • Japanese: 京都(きょうと) (Kyōto)

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

京都

  1. () Kyoto (a city in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)
  2. (~府) Kyoto (a prefecture of Japan)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: 2

Grade: 3
goon kan’on
Alternative spelling
京都 (kyūjitai)

EtymologyEdit

/kjauto//kjɔːto//kjoːto/

From Middle Chinese 京都 (MC kˠiæŋ tuo, literally “capital city”).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(きょう)() (Kyōtoきやうと (kyauto)?

  1. a placename, especially:
    1. Short for 京都府 (Kyōto-fu): Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture (a prefecture of Japan)
    2. Short for 京都市 (Kyōto-shi): Kyoto (the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)
      Synonyms: (Kyō), 京の都 (Kyō no miyako)
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit


OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Japanese 京都 (Kyōto).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

京都 (hiragana ちょーとぅ, rōmaji Chōtu)

  1. Kyoto (a prefecture of Japan)
  2. Kyoto (the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)

ReferencesEdit

  • チョートゥ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.
  • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

Proper nounEdit

京都

  1. Hán tự form of Kinh Đô (Kyoto)., a prefecture of Japan
  2. Hán tự form of Kinh Đô (Kyoto)., the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan