ChineseEdit

 
head; chief; first (occasion); first (thing); measure word for poems
 
metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely; even; already
simp. and trad.
(首都)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

首都

  1. capital; capital city (of a country) (Classifier: )
    首都功能  ―  fēi shǒudū gōngnéng  ―  non-capital functions
    倫敦英國首都 [MSC, trad.]
    伦敦英国首都 [MSC, simp.]
    Lúndūn shì Yīngguó de shǒudū. [Pinyin]
    London is the capital of the UK.

Usage notesEdit

When translating the English term capital city, use 首都 (shǒudū) when referring to the capital of a country, 首府 (shǒufǔ) when referring to the capital of a state or autonomous region, and 省會省会 (shěnghuì) when referring to the capital of a province. Alternative terms for the capital of a country include 國都国都 (guódū), 京城 (jīngchéng), 京都 (jīngdū), 京邑 (jīngyì) and 都城 (dūchéng) all of which are more commonly used in literary language.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (首都):
  • Japanese: 首都 (しゅと) (shuto)
  • Korean: 수도 (首都, sudo)
  • Vietnamese: thủ đô (首都)

Others:

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 2

Grade: 3
on’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

首都 (しゅと) (shuto)

  1. capital, capital city
    東京 (とうきょう)日本 (にっぽん)首都 (しゅと)です。
    Tōkyō wa Nippon no shuto desu.
    Tokyo is the capital of Japan.
    京都 (きょうと)はかつて日本 (にっぽん)首都 (しゅと)でした。
    Kyōto wa katsute Nippon no shuto deshita.
    Kyoto was once Japan's capital.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

首都 (sudo) (hangeul 수도)

  1. Hanja form? of 수도 (the capital of a country).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

首都

  1. Hán tự form of thủ đô (capital, capital city, Hanoi capital).