metropolis

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in Middle English: from Late Latin mētropolis, from Ancient Greek μητρόπολις (mētrópolis, mother city), from μήτηρ (mḗtēr, mother) + πόλις (pólis, city (state)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

metropolis (plural metropolises or metropoleis or metropolizes)

  1. (historical, especially Ancient Greece) The mother (founding) polis (city state) of a colony.
    Synonyms: mother city, metropole
    • 2010, James Mahoney, Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective:
      Colonies certainly did not become "clones" of their metropolises, but it is equally false that their colonial heritages were not influenced by the organization of the metropolises.
  2. A large, busy city, especially as the main city in an area or country or as distinguished from surrounding rural areas.
    Coordinate term: capital city
    • 1819, Washington Irving, The Sketch Book, Rural Life in England:
      An immense metropolis, like London, is calculated to make men selfish and uninteresting.
    • 1983, “Sleeper in Metropolis”, in Changing Places, performed by Anne Clark:
      Love is dead in metropolis / All contact through glove or partition
  3. (canon law) The see of a metropolitan archbishop, ranking above its suffragan diocesan bishops.
    Synonym: archbishopric
  4. (ecology) A generic focus in the distribution of plants or animals.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Concise Oxford English Dictionary [Eleventh Edition]

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mētropolis, from Ancient Greek μητρόπολις (mētrópolis, mother city).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: me‧tro‧po‧lis

NounEdit

metropolis f (plural metropolissen, diminutive metropolisje n)

  1. metropolis

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Late Latin, from Ancient Greek μητρόπολις (mētrópolis, a mother city or state), from μητρο- (mētro-, mother-) + πόλις (pólis, city).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mētropolis f (genitive mētropolis or mētropoleōs or mētropolios); third declension

  1. metropolis

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mētropolis mētropolēs
mētropoleis
Genitive mētropolis
mētropoleōs
mētropolios
mētropolium
Dative mētropolī mētropolibus
Accusative mētropolim
mētropolin
mētropolem1
mētropolēs
mētropolīs
Ablative mētropolī
mētropole
mētropolibus
Vocative mētropolis
mētropoli
mētropolēs
mētropoleis

1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin. The accusative singular mētropolem and the ablative singular mētropole occur in Medieval and New Latin.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • metropolis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • metropolis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 974
  • metropolis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • metropolis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • metropolis in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • metropolis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
    colonia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

metròpolis m (Cyrillic spelling метро̀полис)

  1. A metropolis

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

NounEdit

metropolis

  1. plural of metropoli