See also: and
U+5DDE, 州
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DDE

[U+5DDD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DDF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 47, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈中戈中 (ILIL), four-corner 32000, composition ⿻⿲丿(GJKV) or ⿻⿲丶丶(HT))

Derived charactersEdit

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 324, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 46, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5DDE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠄓
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形) – islet in a river.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zau1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tu/
English islet in stream; province

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17493
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tju/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (zhōu, “islet in a river”).
  2. (historical, now still used in place names) zhou (a type of historical political divisions of China, usually translated as prefecture or province)
    /   ―  Yángzhōu  ―  (historical) Yang Province; (modern) Yangzhou
  3. Short for 自治州 (zìzhìzhōu).
  4. state; canton (of some countries)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • 省份 (shěngfèn), (shěng, “province”)
  • (xiàn, “county”)

DescendantsEdit

  • Lü: ᦵᦋᦲᧁᧈ (tsoew1)
  • Manchu: ᠵᡝᠣ (jeo)
  • Mongolian: ᠵᠧᠦ (ǰēü), жүү (jüü)
  • Khotanese: -cū

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: 3
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨu).

NounEdit

(しゅう) (shūしう (siu)?

  1. state (political entity in countries such as the United States, Australia, India, and Germany)
  2. province of Canada
  3. canton of Switzerland
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
H
[noun] sandbank, sandbar
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 고을 (go'eul ju))

  1. Hanja form? of (state; province).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: châu, chu

  1. state, province