See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
是-bw.png
Stroke order
是-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日一卜人 (AMYO), four-corner 60801, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 493, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 858, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1497, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+662F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script
是-bronze.svg 是-silk.svg 是-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + , logic of compound unclear. It has been suggested that looks like a spoon, so may have been the original character for . As early as in late bronze inscriptions, was replaced with to give , which carried over to the small seal script, and Shuowen considers this a compound of + (i.e. "right" as the upright sun).

EtymologyEdit

"This [an independent pronoun] > be right, correct, to be, so". From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-daj ~ *m-di ‎(that; this). Cognate with Tibetan དེ ‎(de, that), Jingpho dai, ndai ‎(this).

Cognate with (“this”), (“this”) and (“to examine, to consider”).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇX/ /ʑie̯X/ /ʑieX/ /d͡ʑiɛX/ /d͡ʑiə̆X/ /ʑǐeX/ /d͡ʑjɛX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ dzyeX › /*[d]eʔ/ this

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11645 0 /*djeʔ/ 金文從早從止,馬敘倫謂正加射的。按象對準目標行進,表所行正確

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (archaic) this; this thing
      ―  shì  ―  [archaic] this day
    •   ―  Shì kě rěn, shú bù kě rěn?  ―  If this can be tolerated, what cannot?
  2. (copulative) to be.
    老師 / 老师  ―  shì lǎoshī  ―  I am a teacher
  3. to be (to occupy a place)
  4. to suit
  5. A particle indicating concession.
  6. A syntactic marker for emphasis.
  7. every, any
  8. right, true, correct
  9. to praise, to justify
  10. certainly, really
  11. yes (as answer to a question)
      ―  shì  ―  no
  12. (archaic) affair; matter
    • /   ―  gòng shāng guó shì  ―  to discuss national affairs
  13. A surname​.

Usage notesEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (literary, Cantonese, Hakka) ()

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. justice, right

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(si)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: si, Yale: si)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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