See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
是-bw.png
Stroke order
是-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日一卜人 (AMYO), four-corner 60801, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 493, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 858, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1497, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+662F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script
是-bronze.svg 是-silk.svg 是-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + , logic of compound unclear. It has been suggested that looks like a spoon, so may have been the original character for (OC *dje, “spoon”). As early as in late bronze inscriptions, was replaced with to give , which carried over to the small seal script, and Shuowen considers this a compound of + (i.e. “right” as the upright sun).

EtymologyEdit

“This [an independent pronoun] > be right, correct, to be, so”. From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-daj ~ *m-di ‎(that; this). Cognate with Tibetan དེ ‎(de, that), Jingpho dai, ndai ‎(this).

Cognate with (OC *djɯɡ, “this”), (OC *ɦliɡ, “this”) and (OC *djeʔ, “to examine, to consider”).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ʑieX/
Wang
Li
/ʑǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eʔ/
English this

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11645
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (obsolete) this; this thing
  2. (copulative) to be.
    1. indicating that the subject and object are the same.
      泰晤士河英國第二河流 [MSC, trad.]
      泰晤士河英国第二河流 [MSC, simp.]
      Tàiwùshìhé shì Yīngguó dì'èr cháng de héliú. [Pinyin]
      The River Thames is the second longest river in the UK.
    2. indicating that the subject has the qualities described by a noun or noun phrase.
      老師 / 老师  ―  shì lǎoshī  ―  I am a teacher
      中國人 / 中国人  ―  shì zhōngguórén  ―  I am Chinese.
    3. indicating a place being occupied by the object, where the place forms the subject.
      房子前面禾場 / 房子前面禾场  ―  Fángzǐ qiánmiàn shì héchǎng.  ―  The threshing floor is in front of the house.
      到處 / 到处  ―  dàochù dōu shì  ―  to be everywhere
  3. a particle emphasizing the word following it.
    昨天 / 昨天  ―  shì zuótiān mǎi de piào.  ―  It was yesterday when I bought the ticket.
    昨天 / 昨天  ―  Wǒ mǎi piào shì zài zuótiān.  ―  It was yesterday when I bought the ticket.
  4. a particle showing agreement. In this meaning, 是 is stressed. truly; indeed.
    天氣 / 天气  ―  Tiānqì shì lěng.  ―  It is indeed cold.
    長官 / 长官  ―  Shì, zhǎngguān.  ―  Yes, sir.
  5. (only in compounds) true, correct
    •   ―  shì  ―  fault; mistake; wrongdoing
    • /   ―  nǐ shuō de shì  ―  What you said is right
    •   ―  gè xíng qí shì  ―  to have each going his own way, i.e., doing what he considers right
    • /   ―  gòng shāng guó shì  ―  to discuss national affairs (This is a fossil word from Ancient Chinese where 是 originally means "what is right (for the country)", i.e., "laws and policies")
  6. A surname​.

Usage notesEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (literary, Cantonese, Hakka) ()

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. justice, right

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(si)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: si, Yale: si)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thị)

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