- KangXi: page 493, character 26
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13859
- Dae Jaweon: page 858, character 6
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1497, character 5
- Unihan data for U+662F
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 是
|Bronze inscriptions||Bamboo and silk script||Large seal script|
Ideogrammic compound (會意): 早 + 正, logic of compound unclear. It has been suggested that 早 looks like a spoon, so 是 may have been the original character for 匙 (, “spoon”). As early as in late bronze inscriptions, *dje早 was replaced with 日 to give 昰, which carried over to the small seal script, and Shuowen considers this a compound of 日 + 正 (i.e. “right” as the upright sun).
- Cantonese (Jyutping): si6
- Hakka (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ): sṳ
- Min Dong (BUC): sê
- Min Nan
- Wu (Wiktionary): zr (T3)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
- (obsolete) this; this thing
- (copulative) to be.
- indicating that the subject and object are the same.
- indicating that the subject has the qualities described by a noun or noun phrase.
- indicating a place being occupied by the object, where the place forms the subject.
- a particle emphasizing the word following it.
- a particle showing agreement. In this meaning, 是 is stressed. truly; indeed.
- (only in compounds) true, correct
- 不是 ― bùshì ― fault; mistake; wrongdoing
- 你說得是 / 你说得是 ― nǐ shuō de shì ― What you said is right
- 各行其是 ― gè xíng qí shì ― to have each going his own way, i.e., doing what he considers right
- 共商國是 / 共商国是 ― gòng shāng guó shì ― to discuss national affairs (This is a fossil word from Ancient Chinese where 是 originally means "what is right (for the country)", i.e., "laws and policies")
- A surname.
When translated as "to be", 是 is used only to link two nouns or nominal expressions.
- 我是老師 / 我是老师 ― wǒ shì lǎoshī ― I am a teacher
- 泰晤士河是英國第二長的河流。 [MSC, trad.]
- 泰晤士河是英国第二长的河流。 [MSC, simp.]
- Tàiwùshìhé shì Yīngguó dì'èr cháng de héliú. [Pinyin]
- The River Thames is the second longest river in the UK.
是 cannot be used to link a noun and an adjective. The following sentence is wrong:
The correct sentence is
Here, 很 (hěn) is used as a filler to link a noun and an adjective and is not interpreted as "very". Not using it would sound unnatural. A way to use 是 with an adjective is to use 的 (dì) after the adjective to turn it into a noun.
- justice, right
- Goon: ぜ (ze)
- Kan’on: し (shi)
- Kun: これ (kore), この (kono), ここ (koko)
- Nanori: これ (kore), すなお (sunao), ただし (tadashi), つな (tsuna), ゆき (yuki), よし (yoshi)
- Sound (hangeul): 시 (McCune-Reischauer: si, Yale: si)
- Name (hangeul): 바를()
- This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove