U+AC8C, 게
HANGUL SYLLABLE GE
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:r-p

[U+AC8B]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC8D]




거 ←→ 겨
See also: -게

(see here for particles and suffixes)

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ge
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ge
McCune–Reischauer?ke
Yale Romanization?key

Dependent nounEdit

(ge)

  1. (colloquial) Contraction of (geo-i); nominative of (geo)
    Synonym: (formal) (geos-i)
    ?Geu-ge mwo-ya?What's that?
    공부하는 싫대.Gongbu-haneun ge siltae.He says he doesn't like studying.
Usage notesEdit
  • Expected (geo-ga) is not common.

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Gugeupbang eonhae (救急方諺解 / 구급방언해), 1466, as Middle Korean 게〯 (Yale: kěy).

Middle Korean rising pitch implies an earlier bisyllabic form; Japanese (kani) is a clear cognate. Consider also Northwestern Korean 궝이 (gwong'i, crab) and Jeju 깅이 (ging'i, crab), although both could be secondary developments because Koreanic varieties sometimes insert /ŋ/ to break hiatus between vowels.

PronunciationEdit

 
(ge, crab)
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ke̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ge
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ge
McCune–Reischauer?ke
Yale Romanization?kēy

NounEdit

(ge)

  1. crab
Usage notesEdit
  • In contemporary Seoul pronunciation, this word is homophonous with (gae, dog). Speakers may resort to circumlocutions in ambiguous situations, e.g. 멍멍 (meongmeong gae, dog that goes meong-meong), 따각따각 (ttagakttagak ge, crab that goes ttagak-ttagak), or '꽃게' ( kkotge hal ttae ge, 'crab' as in 'horse crab').
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Korean 그ᅌᅦ (Yale: kungey), contraction of 그ᅌᅥ긔 (Yale: kungekuy).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ge
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ge
McCune–Reischauer?ke
Yale Romanization?key

PronounEdit

(ge)

  1. (archaic) Contraction of 거기 (geogi, there).
    누구 느냐?Ge nugu in-neunya?Is someone there?/Who's there?

Etymology 4Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(ge)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰˠiᴇiH, ɡɨɐt̚, ɡˠiᴇt̚, kʰˠiᴇt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡˠiᴇiH, ɡˠiᴇt̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰˠiᴇiH))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC kei, kʰeiX))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡˠiᴇt̚))

ReferencesEdit