See also: and
U+87F9, 蟹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87F9

[U+87F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87FA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓手中一戈 (NQLMI), four-corner 27136, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1098, character 49
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33668
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2898, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+87F9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

𩼠

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡreːʔ): phonetic  (OC *kreːʔ, *kreːs, *ɡreːʔ, *ɡreːs) + semantic . Originally written as .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-k(j)aːj (crab). Compare S'gaw Karen ဆွဲၣ် (hswɛ̀).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hai3 - vernacular;
  • xiai4 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hōe/hǒe/hē - vernacular;
    • hāi/hǎi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (31)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠɛX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚæX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣæiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɛX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣaiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣaiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xià
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ X ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-kˁreʔ/
    English crab

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6482
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡreːʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. crab (Classifier: c)

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (ge)
    • Kan-on: かい (kai)
    • Kun: かに (kani, )

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    (kani): a crab.
    Kanji in this term
    かに
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Possibly a compound of (kara, shell) +‎ (ni, red). Possibly cognate with Korean (ge, crab); compare Jeju 깅이 (ging-i, crab).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かに) (kani

    1. a crab (infraorder Brachyura)

    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カニ.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KikaiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

    1. crab

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (ge hae))

    1. crab

    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana かん, romaji kan)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かん, romaji kan)

    1. crab

    Oki-No-ErabuEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    1. crab

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    1. crab

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (giải)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がん, romaji gan)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がん, romaji gan)

    1. crab