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U+87F9, 蟹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87F9

[U+87F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87FA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓手中一戈 (NQLMI), four-corner 27136, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1098, character 49
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33668
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+87F9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
variant forms

𩼠

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreː, *kreːʔ, *kreːs
*kreːʔ, *kreːs, *ɡreːʔ, *ɡreːs
*kreːʔ
*kreːs
*kreːs
*kreːs
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡreːʔ): phonetic  (OC *kreːʔ, *kreːs, *ɡreːʔ, *ɡreːs) + semantic . Originally written as .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-k(j)aːj (crab). Compare S'gaw Karen ဆွဲၣ် (hswɛ̀).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hai3 - vernacular;
  • xiai4 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hōe/hǒe/hē - vernacular;
    • hāi/hǎi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (31)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠɛX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚæX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣæiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɛX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣaiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣaiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xià
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ X ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-kˁreʔ/
    English crab

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6482
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡreːʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. crab (Classifier: c)

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 螃蟹 (“crab”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 螃蟹,
    Mandarin Beijing 螃蟹
    Taiwan 螃蟹
    Harbin 蟹子
    Shenyang 螃蟹
    Jinan 螃蟹
    Muping 螃蟹, 肥蟹
    Luoyang 螃蟹
    Wanrong 螃蟹
    Xi'an 螃蟹
    Xining 螃蟹
    Xuzhou 螃蟹
    Yinchuan 螃蟹
    Lanzhou 螃蟹
    Ürümqi 螃蟹
    Wuhan 螃蟹, 蟹子
    Huanggang 蟹子
    Chengdu 螃蟹
    Guiyang 螃蟹
    Guilin 螃蟹
    Liuzhou 螃蟹
    Kunming 螃蟹
    Yangzhou 螃蟹
    Nanjing 螃蟹
    Hefei 爬蟹
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Foshan
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Dongguan
    Shaoguan
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi 螃鉗
    Lianjiang
    Nanning 螃蟹 large, 螃鉗 small
    Wuzhou 螃蟹
    Yulin 螃鉗
    Hepu 螃蟹
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang 螃蟹
    Lichuan 螃蟹
    Pingxiang 爬拐, 螃蟹
    Hakka Meixian 老蟹
    Luchuan 老蟹
    Changting 螃蟹
    Wuping 蟹子
    Ninghua 螃蟹
    Yudu 壙蟹
    Shicheng 壙蟹
    Shangyou 老蟹
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 毛蟹
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 老蟹
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 毛蟹
    Dongshi (Dabu) 老蟹
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 老蟹, 毛蟹
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 老蟹
    Hong Kong 老蟹
    Sabah 老蟹
    Senai 老蟹
    Singkawang 老蟹
    Huizhou Jixi 蟹蟹
    Jin Taiyuan 螃蟹
    Xinzhou 螃蟹
    Hohhot 螃蟹
    Min Bei Jian'ou 螃蟹
    Songxi
    Zhenghe
    Jianyang 蟹仔
    Wuyishan 蟹仔
    Shibei 蟹仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 螃蟹
    Changle 鰻蟹
    Yongtai 老蟹
    Min Nan Xiamen 蟳仔,
    Quanzhou 蟳仔,
    Zhangzhou 蟳仔,
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung 蟳仔
    Tainan
    Taichung 蟳仔
    Wuqi 蟳仔
    Hsinchu 蟳仔
    Taitung
    Lukang 蟳仔
    Yilan 蟳仔
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan 螃蟹
    Chaozhou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning 螃蟹
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wuxi
    Hangzhou 湖蟹
    Wenzhou , 十隻腳
    Chongming , 老毛蟹
    Danyang 螃蟹,
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha 螃蟹
    Shuangfeng 螃蟹, 螃解子
    Loudi 螃蟹
    Quanzhou 螃蟹

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (ge)
    • Kan-on: かい (kai)
    • Kun: かに (kani, )

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    (kani): a crab.
    Kanji in this term
    かに
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Possibly a compound of (kara, shell) +‎ (ni, red). Possibly cognate with Korean (ge, crab); compare the Jeju dialect word 깅이 (ging-i, crab).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かに, katakana カニ, rōmaji kani)

    1. a crab (infraorder Brachyura)

    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カニ.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KikaiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

    1. crab

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (ge hae))

    1. crab

    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana かん, romaji kan)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かん, romaji kan)

    1. crab

    Oki-No-ErabuEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    1. crab

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    1. crab

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (giải)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana がん, romaji gan)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana がん, romaji gan)

    1. crab