U+BC25, 밥
Composition: + +

Hangul Syllables

미 ←→ 배

Korean edit

Pronunciation edit

Revised Romanization?bap
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bab
Yale Romanization?pap
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

Etymology 1 edit

First attested in the Hunminjeong'eum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 밥〮 (Yale: páp).

Joo (2021) suggests a mimetic origin of this word, as the baby-talk term for 'food' or 'to eat' in many languages tends to be similar to /papa/ or /mama/, some of which may change into the generic term for food.[1] Compare 맘마 (mamma, (childish) food; rice).

Noun edit


  1. cooked rice
    Synonym: (honorific) 진지 (jinji)
    먹다bab-eul meokdato eat rice
  2. meal
    Synonyms: 끼니 (kkini), 식사(食事) (siksa), (honorific) 진지 (jinji)
    먹다bab-eul meokdato have a meal
    뭇나? (Gyeongsang dialect)Bap munna?Hello (literally, “Did you eat?”)
  3. feed
    gaebapfeed for dogs; dog food
  4. (figurative) someone serving as an object of abuse
    ? 자꾸 괴롭혀?
    Nae-ga ni bab-i-nya? Wae jakku goerophyeo?
    Am I your punching bag? Why do you keep bothering me?
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • English: bap

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Proper noun edit


  1. A transliteration of the English male given name diminutive Bob

References edit

  1. ^ Joo, Ian (2021) “The etymology of Korean ssal 'uncooked grain' and pap 'cooked grain'”, in Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale[1], number 50.1, pages 94-110