See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰaːd, *daːd):  + .

Note that inner component is not – these are not cognate, and there is an extra stroke in 達 (two horizontal strokes at the bottom, not one).

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜土廿手 (YGTQ), four-corner 34304, composition𦍒)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1262, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1755, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3855, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9054

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ta³⁵/
Harbin /ta²⁴/
Tianjin /tɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ta⁴²/
Qingdao /ta⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ta⁴²/
Xi'an /ta²⁴/
Xining /ta²⁴/
Yinchuan /ta¹³/
Lanzhou /ta⁵³/
/tʰa⁵³/
Ürümqi /ta⁵¹/
Wuhan /ta²¹³/
Chengdu /ta³¹/
Guiyang /ta²¹/
Kunming /ta̠³¹/
Nanjing /tɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /tɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /taʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /tʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /taʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /daʔ¹/
Suzhou /daʔ³/
Hangzhou /dɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /da²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰa²²/
Tunxi /tɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ta²⁴/
Xiangtan /tɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tat̚²/
Nanning /tat̚²²/
Hong Kong /tat̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdak̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (6)
Final: (63)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ta
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰat̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (7)
Final: (63)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dá
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dat̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dʱɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dat › /*[l]ˤat/ arrive at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1923 1 /*tʰaːd/
1929 1 /*daːd/

VerbEdit

  1. to arrive at; to reach; to achieve

AdjectiveEdit

  1. intelligent
  2. smooth, slippery

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana たち, romaji -tachi)

  1. Plural marker
    子供達 (こどもたち)
    kodomo-tachi
    children

SynonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Note that 達 only clarifies that the number of people in question is more than one. It could be omitted when the plurality is already clear by context or not cared. The plurality marked with 達 is not syntactic one. 達 is normally used only for people.

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(dal) (hangeul , revised dal, McCune-Reischauer tal, Yale tal)

  1. (통할 달, tonghal-) to reach, pass through

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đạt, đác, đặt, đật, đợt, thớt)

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