See also:
U+9054, 達
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9054

[U+9053]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9055]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 162, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜土廿手 (YGTQ), four-corner 34304, composition 𦍒)

Descendants

edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1262, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1755, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3855, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9054

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp. *
alternative forms 𨔬

Glyph origin

edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *tʰaːd, *daːd) : semantic + phonetic (OC *tʰaːd).

Note that inner component is not – these are not related, and there is an extra stroke in (two horizontal strokes at the bottom, not one).

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *dat (live; alive). Cognate with Tibetan སྡོད (sdod, to stay; to sit; to live) and Proto-Lolo-Burmese *dat (alive).

Pronunciation 1

edit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ta³⁵/
Harbin /ta²⁴/
Tianjin /tɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ta⁴²/
Qingdao /ta⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ta⁴²/
Xi'an /ta²⁴/
Xining /ta²⁴/
Yinchuan /ta¹³/
Lanzhou /ta⁵³/
/tʰa⁵³/
Ürümqi /ta⁵¹/
Wuhan /ta²¹³/
Chengdu /ta³¹/
Guiyang /ta²¹/
Kunming /ta̠³¹/
Nanjing /tɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /tɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /taʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /tʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /taʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /daʔ¹/
Suzhou /daʔ³/
Hangzhou /dɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /da²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰa²²/
Tunxi /tɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ta²⁴/
Xiangtan /tɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tat̚²/
Nanning /tat̚²²/
Hong Kong /tat̚²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /tat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /taʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /tuɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /tak̚⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ʔdak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter dat
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dat̚/
Li
Rong
/dɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/dɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
daat6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dat ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˁat/
English arrive at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1929
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːd/

Definitions

edit

  1. (literary, or in compounds) to lead to; to go to
  2. (literary, or in compounds) to reach; to arrive at
  3. to achieve; to attain
  4. (literary, or in compounds) to thoroughly understand; to understand
  5. (literary, or in compounds) to express; to convey
  6. (literary, or in compounds) current; general; common
  7. (literary, or in compounds) optimistic; philosophical
  8. (literary, or in compounds) illustrious; influential; intelligent
  9. (literary, or in compounds) everywhere; all over
  10. (literary, or in compounds) onomatopoeia for the collision of objects
  11. (Dungan) father
  12. 15th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "reach" (𝌔)
  13. () Da County (modern-day Dachuan District in Dazhou, Sichuan)
  14. a surname
Synonyms
edit
  • (to reach):
  • (to express):
  • (illustrious):
  • (father):
Antonyms
edit
  • (antonym(s) of to understand):

Compounds

edit

Pronunciation 2

edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter that
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰat̚/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ta
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
taat3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1923
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːd/

Definitions

edit

  1. Only used in 挑達挑达 (tāotà, “coming and going freely; frivolous”).

Compounds

edit

Pronunciation 3

edit

Definitions

edit

  1. slippery; smooth

Goguryeo

edit

Etymology

edit

Possibly related to Middle Korean ᄯᅡᇂ〮 (stáh).[1]

Noun

edit

(*tara)[1]

  1. mountain
  2. high place

References

edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 Lim, Byung-joon (1999) (A) Study on the borrowed writings of the dialect of Koguryo Dynasty in Ancient Korean (MA), Konkuk University

Japanese

edit
Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1][2][3]

達󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
達󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

edit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Kanji in this term
たち
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
だち > たち
Grade: 4
goon

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[4] The tachi reading is analyzed by some references[5] as kun'yomi or a native-Japanese reading. Alternatively, this has been understood as a shift from the goon reading of dachi.

Beyond Japanese, apparently related to Middle Korean ᄃᆞᆶ〮 (tólh, pluralizing particle) > Korean (-deul, pluralizing particle), perhaps reflecting Old Korean */tatVk/ (Vovin 2010, p. 120), and thus not actually of Chinese origin. However, probably phonologically reinforced by the Sino-Japanese reading of Middle Chinese (MC that|dat).

Pronunciation

edit

Suffix

edit

(たち) (-tachi

  1. plural marker
    ()(ども)()(ども)(たち)(おれ)(おれ)(たち)
    kodomo, kodomotachi, ore, oretachi
    child, children, I, we
    • 1994 March 25, Marimo Ragawa, “(あか)ちゃんと(ぼく) (だい)33() [Baby & Me: Chapter 33]”, in 赤ちゃんと僕 [Baby & Me], volume 7 (fiction), Tokyo: Hakusensha, →ISBN, page 27:
      この(とり)(たち)だって(じゃ)()じゃないか
      Kono tori-tachi datte jama ja nai ka
      But aren’t these birds a bit of a hindrance?
  2. attached to the name of the representative of a group to refer to that whole group
    (きょう)()ちゃんたち
    Kyōko-chan-tachi
    Kyōko-chan and her friend(s)
    ママたち
    mama-tachi
    mommy and her friend(s)
  3. (archaic, possibly obsolete) honorific suffix
Usage notes
edit

Note that tachi only clarifies that the number of people in question is more than one. It can be omitted when the plurality is already implied by context or considered negligible. The plurality marked with tachi is not syntactic. Tachi is normally used only for people.

Synonyms
edit

Etymology 2

edit
Kanji in this term
たつ > たっ
Grade: 4
on’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
たっ
[noun] official notice
[verb] stem or continuative form of 達する (tassuru) [suru]
Alternative spelling
達示
(This term, , is an alternative spelling (in official documents) of the above term.)

References

edit
  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 [The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 2122 (paper), page 1113 (digital)
  3. ^ Shōundō Henshūjo, editor (1927), 新漢和辞典 [The New Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Ōsaka: Shōundō, →DOI, page 1224 (paper), page 625 (digital)
  4. ^
    c. 759, Man’yōshū, book 19, poem 4240:
    , text here
  5. ^ Jim Breen's WWWJDIC, character entry here

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(eumhun 통달할 (tongdalhal dal))

  1. Hanja form? of (to reach; to arrive at).
  2. Hanja form? of (achieve; to attain).

Compounds

edit

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: đạt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.