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See also: and 𝌔
U+9054, 達
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9054

[U+9053]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9055]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜土廿手 (YGTQ), four-corner 34304, composition𦍒)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1262, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1755, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3855, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9054

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰaːd
*tʰaːd, *daːd
*tʰaːd
*tʰaːd, *tʰaːd
*tʰaːd
*tʰaːd
*daːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰaːd, *daːd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *tʰaːd).

Note that inner component is not – these are not related, and there is an extra stroke in (two horizontal strokes at the bottom, not one).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ta³⁵/
Harbin /ta²⁴/
Tianjin /tɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ta⁴²/
Qingdao /ta⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ta⁴²/
Xi'an /ta²⁴/
Xining /ta²⁴/
Yinchuan /ta¹³/
Lanzhou /ta⁵³/
/tʰa⁵³/
Ürümqi /ta⁵¹/
Wuhan /ta²¹³/
Chengdu /ta³¹/
Guiyang /ta²¹/
Kunming /ta̠³¹/
Nanjing /tɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /tɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /taʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /tʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /taʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /daʔ¹/
Suzhou /daʔ³/
Hangzhou /dɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /da²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰa²²/
Tunxi /tɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ta²⁴/
Xiangtan /tɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tat̚²/
Nanning /tat̚²²/
Hong Kong /tat̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dat̚/
Li
Rong
/dɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/dɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dat ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˤat/
English arrive at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1929
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to lead to; to go to
  2. to reach; to arrive at
  3. to achieve; to attain
  4. to thoroughly understand; to understand
  5. to express; to convey
  6. current; general; common
  7. optimistic; philosophical
  8. illustrious; influential; intelligent
  9. everywhere; all over
  10. onomatopoeia for the collision of objects
  11. 15th tetragram of the Taixuanjing
  12. () Da County (modern-day Dachuan District in Dazhou, Sichuan)
  13. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰat̚/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ta
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1923
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 挑達挑达 (“coming and going freely; frivolous”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. slippery; smooth

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

The ultimate derivation is unknown, but this might be a nativized borrowing from Middle Chinese (/dɑt̚/, perhaps from the “general, common; everywhere, all over” senses?), possibly cognate with Korean (deul, plural marker).

The tachi reading is analyzed by some references[2] as kun'yomi or a native-Japanese reading. Alternatively, this might be a shift from the goon reading of dachi.

SuffixEdit

(hiragana たち, rōmaji -tachi)

  1. plural marker
    子供達 (こどもたち)
    kodomo-tachi
    children
    鳥達 (とりたち)
    tori-tachi
    birds
     (おれ) (たち)/あたしたち
    ore-tachi/atashi-tachi
    we; us
  2. attached to the name of the representative of a group of friends
     (きょう) ()ちゃんたち
    Kyōko-chan-tachi
    Kyōko-chan and her friend(s)
    • 2004 April 7, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “だい ロックオン [Chapter 8: Lock On]”, in ソウレンキン [Armed Alchemy], volume 2 (in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 4-08-873587-0, page 23:
       (ろく) (ます) (たち) (あや)めて (さき) (げん) (かん) ()っててくれ
      Rokumasu-tachi ayamete saki ni genkan de matte tekure
      Go get Rokumasu and the others and wait for me at the entrance, will you?
  3. (archaic, possibly obsolete) an honorific suffix

Usage notesEdit

Note that tachi only clarifies that the number of people in question is more than one. It could be omitted when the plurality is already clear by context or not cared. The plurality marked with tachi is not syntactic. Tachi is normally used only for people.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 19, poem 4240), text here
  2. ^ Jim Breen's WWWJDIC, character entry here

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dal) (hangeul , revised dal, McCune-Reischauer tal, Yale tal)

  1. (통할 달, tonghal-) to reach, pass through

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đạt, đác, đặt, đật, đợt, thớt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.