- KangXi: page 1262, character 10
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39011
- Dae Jaweon: page 1755, character 2
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3855, character 1
- Unihan data for U+9054
|Characters in the same phonetic series (羍) (Zhengzhang, 2003)|
Note that inner component is not 幸 – these are not related, and there is an extra stroke in 達 (two horizontal strokes at the bottom, not one).
- Cantonese (Jyutping): daat6
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): tha̍t
- Min Dong (BUC): dăk
- Min Nan (POJ): ta̍t
- Wu (Wiktionary): daq (T5)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
- to lead to; to go to
- to reach; to arrive at
- to achieve; to attain
- to thoroughly understand; to understand
- to express; to convey
- current; general; common
- optimistic; philosophical
- illustrious; influential; intelligent
- everywhere; all over
- onomatopoeia for the collision of objects
- (～縣) Da County (modern-day Dachuan District in Dazhou, Sichuan)
- A surname.
- Goon: だち (dachi) (non-Jōyō reading)
- Kan’on: たつ (tatsu)
- Kun: たち (tachi), たっする (達する, tassuru), たっし (達し, tasshi)
- Nanori: いたる (itaru), かつ (katsu), さと (sato), さとし (satoshi), さとる (satoru), しげ (shige), すすむ (susumu), とお (tō), のぶ (nobu), ひろ (hiro), みち (michi), ただ (tada), たて (tate), て (te), てつ (tetsu), とおる (tōru), よし (yoshi)
The ultimate derivation is unknown, but this might be a nativized borrowing from Middle Chinese 達 (/dɑt̚/, perhaps from the “general, common; everywhere, all over” senses?), possibly cognate with Korean 들 (deul, plural marker).
Note that tachi only clarifies that the number of people in question is more than one. It could be omitted when the plurality is already clear by context or not cared. The plurality marked with tachi is not syntactic. Tachi is normally used only for people.