U+B450, 두
HANGUL SYLLABLE DU
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:e-n

[U+B44F]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B451]




됴 ←→ 둬

JejuEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

(du)

  1. two

ReferencesEdit

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 두〯 (Yale: twǔ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [tu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?du
Revised Romanization (translit.)?du
McCune–Reischauer?tu
Yale Romanization?twū

NumeralEdit

Korean numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → [a], [b], [c]
    Native isol.: (dul)
    Native attr.: (du)
    Sino-Korean: (i)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 둘째 (duljjae)

(du)

  1. two (as a determiner before a noun or classifier)
    여자 상자 나르고 있다.
    Du yeojaga sangjadeureul nareugo itda.
    Two women are carrying boxes.
    오늘, 가게 다녀왔어.
    Oneul, nan geu gagee du beon danyeowasseo.
    I have been to the shop twice today.

Usage notesEdit

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세요 (hanaman deo juseyo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ireun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.