See also: Ren, rén, Rén, rěn, rèn, rền, and REN

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Learned borrowing from Latin ren. Doublet of rein (kidney).

NounEdit

ren (plural renes)

  1. (anatomy) A kidney.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Learned borrowing from Egyptian rn,

r
n
A2

NounEdit

ren (plural rens)

  1. (Egyptian mythology) One’s name, as part of the soul in ancient Egyptian mythology.
    • 1983, Norman Mailer, Ancient Evenings:
      For the Ren did not belong to the man, but came out of the Celestial Waters to enter an infant in the hour of his birth and might not stir again until it was time to go back.

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The Tosk (Çamërisht, Arbëreshë/Arvanite) and also Old Albanian form of Standard Albanian re (cloud, clouds).

NounEdit

ren f

  1. cloud(s)
  2. haze, mist
  3. overcast

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit



CatalanEdit

 
Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

EtymologyEdit

From French renne.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ren m (plural rens)

  1. reindeer

ChuukeseEdit

PrepositionEdit

ren

  1. with (third person singular)

CimbrianEdit

VerbEdit

ren

  1. to speak
  2. to talk

ReferencesEdit

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /reːˀn/, [ˈʁæˀn]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hreinn m, from Proto-Germanic *hrainaz, cognate with Norwegian rein, Swedish ren, Old English hrān.

NounEdit

ren c (singular definite renen, plural indefinite rener)

  1. reindeer
    Synonym: rensdyr
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse rein f, from Proto-Germanic *rainō, cognate with Norwegian rein, Swedish ren, German Rain (English rean is from Old Norse).

NounEdit

ren c (singular definite renen, plural indefinite rene or rener)

  1. (rare) a strip of unplowed land serving as a boundary between estates
    Synonym: agerren
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse hreinn (clean), from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz, cognate with Norwegian rein, Swedish ren, German rein, Gothic 𐌷𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 (hrains).

AdjectiveEdit

ren (neuter rent, plural and definite singular attributive rene)

  1. clean (without dirt)
  2. pure, mere, sheer (without any added elements)
  3. pure (morally)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of ren
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular ren renere renest2
Neuter singular rent renere renest2
Plural rene renere renest2
Definite attributive1 rene renere reneste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /rɛn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ren
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch rinne, renne.

NounEdit

ren f (plural rennen, diminutive rennetje n)

  1. A run; an enclosed area where small or mid-sized livestock such as poultry are kept.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

ren

  1. first-person singular present indicative of rennen
  2. imperative of rennen

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese ren, from Latin rēs nāta, neutral plural of rēs nātum, Latin no things.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ren

  1. (now literary) nothing
    Synonym: nada
    Synonym: todo

ReferencesEdit

  • ren” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2012.
  • ren” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2016.
  • ren” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • ren” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.

Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French rein (kidney)

NounEdit

ren

  1. kidney

InterlinguaEdit

NounEdit

ren (plural renes)

  1. kidney

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ren

  1. Rōmaji transcription of れん

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Several etymologies proposed:[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rēn m (genitive rēnis); third declension

  1. (chiefly in the plural) kidney

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rēn rēnēs
Genitive rēnis rēnum
Dative rēnī rēnibus
Accusative rēnem rēnēs
Ablative rēne rēnibus
Vocative rēn rēnēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Eastern Romance:
    • Romanian: rână
  • Interlingua: ren
  • Italian: rene
  • Navarro-Aragonese:
  • Old French: rein, rain
  • Old Occitan:
  • Old Portuguese: rẽes (from the plural)
    • Galician: rens, res (from the plural)
    • Portuguese: rim
  • Old Spanish:
  • Sardinian: arrene, rene
  • Sicilian: rini
  • Venetian: reno
  • Vulgar Latin: *rēnile
    • Old Portuguese: *rẽil
  • Vulgar Latin: *rēniō (see there for further descendants)
  • Gheg Albanian: rrâni
  • English: ren (learned)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “rēnēs, -ium”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 519: “PIt. *rēn-.; PIE *h₂r-ēn, -en- ‘kidney’? *srēn- ‘loins’?”
  2. ^ Mastrelli, Carlo Alberto (1979), “Una nota su lat. rēnēs e gr. ῥάχις”, in Incontri Linguistici, volume 5, pages 37–42
  3. ^ Tocharian and Indo-European Studies, volume 4-6, (please provide a date or year)
  4. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “arañce”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 23
  5. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*āron-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 42

Further readingEdit


MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ren

  1. Nonstandard spelling of rén.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of rěn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of rèn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

ManxEdit

VerbEdit

ren

  1. past of jean

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hreinn

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /reːn/, [ɾeːn]

AdjectiveEdit

ren (neuter singular rent, definite singular and plural rene, comparative renere, indefinite superlative renest, definite superlative reneste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


OccitanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

from Latin rēnes < rēn, from Proto-Italic *hrēn, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰren- (an internal part of the body).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ren m (plural rens)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
SynonymsEdit

Dialectal variantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin rem, accusative of rēs (thing). Compare Catalan res (nothing), French rien (nothing).

PronounEdit

ren

  1. (Provençal, Limousin) nothing

Dialectal variantsEdit


PiedmonteseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ren m

  1. kidney

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from North Germanic; compare Norwegian Bokmål rein, Swedish ren.

NounEdit

ren m anim

  1. reindeer (Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer)
    Synonym: renifer
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit
adjective
noun

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Latin rhenium.

NounEdit

Chemical element
Re
Previous: wolfram (W)
Next: osm (Os)

ren m inan

  1. rhenium
DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ren in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ren in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

 
Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ro
 
Un ren

EtymologyEdit

From French renne, from Swedish ren, from Old Norse hreinn.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ren m (plural reni)

  1. reindeer

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *xrěnъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rȅn m (Cyrillic spelling ре̏н)

  1. horseradish

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hreinn (noun).

NounEdit

ren c

  1. reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of ren 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ren renen renar renarna
Genitive rens renens renars renarnas
HyponymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse hreinn (clean), from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz.

AdjectiveEdit

ren (comparative renare, superlative renast)

  1. clean; not dirty
  2. pure
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of ren
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular ren renare renast
Neuter singular rent renare renast
Plural rena renare renast
Masculine plural3 rene renare renast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 rene renare renaste
All rena renare renaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic
AntonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English rain.

NounEdit

ren

  1. rain
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 2:5:
      ...i no gat diwai na gras samting i kamap long graun yet, long wanem, em i no salim ren i kam daun yet. Na i no gat man bilong wokim gaden.
      →New International Version translation
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ren (, 𨕡)

  1. threading

VerbEdit

ren (, 𨕡)

  1. to thread; lace; weave

WolofEdit

NounEdit

ren

  1. last year

ReferencesEdit

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN, page 155


WutunhuaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Mandarin .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ren

  1. person

ReferencesEdit

  • Erika Sandman (2016) A Grammar of Wutun[1], University of Helsinki (PhD), →ISBN