See also: izo, Izo, and izó

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek -ίζω (-ízō), present in Late Latin as an element in Greek loanwords; generalized via Vulgar Latin *-izo as a productive suffix from Medieval Latin onwards.

SuffixEdit

-izō (present infinitive -izāre, perfect active -izāvī, supine -izātum); first conjugation

  1. (chiefly Late Latin, Medieval Latin, New Latin) Used to form verbs from nouns and adjectives.

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of -izō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -izō -izās -izat -izāmus -izātis -izant
imperfect -izābam -izābās -izābat -izābāmus -izābātis -izābant
future -izābō -izābis -izābit -izābimus -izābitis -izābunt
perfect -izāvī -izāvistī -izāvit -izāvimus -izāvistis -izāvērunt, -izāvēre
pluperfect -izāveram -izāverās -izāverat -izāverāmus -izāverātis -izāverant
future perfect -izāverō -izāveris -izāverit -izāverimus -izāveritis -izāverint
passive present -izor -izāris, -izāre -izātur -izāmur -izāminī -izantur
imperfect -izābar -izābāris, -izābāre -izābātur -izābāmur -izābāminī -izābantur
future -izābor -izāberis, -izābere -izābitur -izābimur -izābiminī -izābuntur
perfect -izātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -izātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -izātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -izem -izēs -izet -izēmus -izētis -izent
imperfect -izārem -izārēs -izāret -izārēmus -izārētis -izārent
perfect -izāverim -izāverīs -izāverit -izāverīmus -izāverītis -izāverint
pluperfect -izāvissem -izāvissēs -izāvisset -izāvissēmus -izāvissētis -izāvissent
passive present -izer -izēris, -izēre -izētur -izēmur -izēminī -izentur
imperfect -izārer -izārēris, -izārēre -izārētur -izārēmur -izārēminī -izārentur
perfect -izātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -izātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -izā -izāte
future -izātō -izātō -izātōte -izantō
passive present -izāre -izāminī
future -izātor -izātor -izantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -izāre -izāvisse -izātūrum esse -izārī -izātum esse -izātum īrī
participles -izāns -izātūrus -izātus -izandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
-izandī -izandō -izandum -izandō -izātum -izātū

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: -itzar
  • Italian: -izzare
  • Hungarian: -izál
  • Middle French: -iser
  • Occitan: -izar
  • Portuguese: -izar
  • Romanian: -iza
  • Spanish: -izar

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -icius, -itius. Compare Portuguese -iço; cf. also Romanian -eț, Italian -iccio.

SuffixEdit

-izo (feminine -iza)

  1. Forms adjectives from other adjectives, nouns, and verbs usually denoting propensity or likeness.
    enfermo (sick)enfermizo (sickly)
    rojo (red)rojizo (reddish)
    cobre (copper)cobrizo (copper (colored))
    olvidar (to forget)olvidadoolvidadizo (forgetful)

Derived termsEdit