See also: ize, izé, íze, and izë

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

According to the Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, "it is unstressed (though strong) in Received Pronunciation and General American, but sometimes stressed in other varieties".

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -isen, from Middle French -iser, from Medieval Latin -izō, from Ancient Greek -ίζω (-ízō), from Proto-Indo-European *-idyé- (verbal suffix). Cognate with Gothic -𐌹𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-itjan, verbal suffix), Old High German -izzen (verbal suffix), Old English -ettan (verbal suffix). Also see notes.

Alternative formsEdit

  • -ise (non-Oxford British spelling)

SuffixEdit

-ize

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns or adjectives
    1. to make what is denoted by the noun/adjective
    2. to do what is denoted by the noun/adjective
Usage notesEdit
  • The suffix -ize has historically been used on words originating from Greek. -ise was used, especially as -vise, -tise, -cise, and -prise, on words that come from various roots (usually via French). In the 19th century, it became common in the United Kingdom (due to French influence) to use -ise also on words that had historically been spelled -ize. -ise is also common in Ireland, India, Australia, and New Zealand. -ize remains, however, the spelling used by the influential Oxford University Press in most cases (there are exemptions like advertise, however); it has also always been the spelling used in the United States and Canada.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See -ise (noun-forming suffix).

SuffixEdit

-ize

  1. Alternative form of -ise (suffix used to form nouns)
    palliardize