Italian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -tūra.

Suffix edit


  1. -ing; -tion; -ure
    1. added to form nouns of mass or collection
      attrezzo (tool) + ‎-tura → ‎attrezzatura (equipment)
      fogna (sewer) + ‎-tura → ‎fognatura (sewage system)
      magistrato (magistrate) + ‎-tura → ‎magistratura (magistracy)
    2. added to verbs form nouns relating to their action
      fiori (flowers) + ‎-tura → ‎fioritura (flowering, blooming)

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Somewhat uncertain, but appears to be from Proto-Indo-European *-tew- + *-r-eh₂. Note however that some cases are built on agentives in -tōr: e.g. cēnsūra, gladiātūra.[1] Resemblance to the future active participle -tūrus and archaic infinitive -tūrum is evidently accidental, though substantivizations like futūrus may have reinforced the use of -tūra.

Productive in earlier Latin but gradually overtaken by -tiō.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-tūra f (genitive -tūrae); first declension

  1. Used to form action nouns expressing concrete results as well as activities: -ing, -ure

Usage notes edit

The suffix -tūra is added to the supine form of a verb to create a first-declension noun naming the verb's action or the result of that action.

pictūra (painting, picture), from pictum, supine of pingō (I paint)
scrīptūra (a writing, act of writing), from scrīptum, supine of scrībō (I write)

The suffix -tūra resembles the feminine form of (but may not be related to) the future active participle ending -tūrus, which describes impending or imminent action (e.g. pictūrus "about to paint"; scrīptūrus "on the point of writing").

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -tūra -tūrae
Genitive -tūrae -tūrārum
Dative -tūrae -tūrīs
Accusative -tūram -tūrās
Ablative -tūrā -tūrīs
Vocative -tūra -tūrae

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Miller, D. Gary (2006) Latin Suffixal Derivatives in English: and their Indo-European Ancestry, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § 3.9 -tūra/-sūra (> E -ture/-sure), pages 118–119