- (geomorphology) A conical mound with an ice core (that is, a mound of earth-covered ice), particularly if lasting more than a year; caused by permafrost uplift.
1973, Permafrost: North American Contribution [to The] Second International Conference:
- Considerable progress has been made on the discovery and mapping of many open system pingos in central Alaska and Yukon Territory, as well as the discovery of pingo-like mounds in the shallow waters of the Beaufort Sea north of the mouth of the Mackenzie River.
1987, Antarctica: Soils, Weathering Processes and Environment, page 106:
- Larger scale frost-heave features, such as pingoes, are rare because there is insufficient water available, generally, for the growth of large ice bodies.
pingo (plural pingoes)
- (obsolete) In Sri Lanka, a carrying pole.
1861, James Emerson Tennent, Sketches of the natural history of Ceylon with narratives and anecdotes:
- This done, he took up the pingo and moved away from the spot; but at a distance of about a fathom or two, laid it down again, and ripping open one of the bundles, took out of it all the contents, somans, cambāyas, handkerchiefs, and several pieces of white cambrick cloth, all which he tore to small pieces, and flung them wildly here and there. He did the same with all the other pingoes.
1891, The Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland, volume 10:
- The Gańga-vaṇṣa minissu are the washers of the Oliya caste, who are not only a low caste, but come below the Paduvó and Berawáyó, and are the only caste who will carry the pingoes of the smiths.
1907, Coconut Planter's Manual, Or, All about "the Coconut Palm":
- The stem of the leaf, for fences, for pingoes (or yokes) for carrying burthens on the shoulders, for fishing rods, and innumerable domestic utensils.
1908, Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy, Mediæval Sinhalese Art, page 206:
- Ceremonial pingoes may also be silver tipped, as in the case of a beautiful example […]
From Proto-Indo-European *peyḱ- (“spot, color”), whence Ancient Greek ποικίλος (poikílos, “spotted, embroidered”), Proto-Slavic *pьstrъ (pestrý in Czech). Pokorny also links to the root: πικρός (pikrós, “sharp, keen”), Proto-Slavic *pьsati (“paint, write”) (see Czech psát, Russian пятно́ (pjatnó),писать (pisatʹ) etc.), Proto-Germanic *faihaz (“spotted”), hence Old English fāh, Scottish faw.
- Asturian: pintar
- Catalan: pintar
- Dalmatian: piandro
- English: paint
- Esperanto: pentri
- French: peindre
- Friulian: penzi, pengi
- Galician: pintar
- Ido: piktar
- Interlingua: pinger
- Italian: pittare
- Middle French: paindre
- Neapolitan: pittà, pentà
- Occitan: pintar, pénher, pintrar
- Portuguese: pintar
- Romanian: păta, pătare, picta
- pingo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- pingo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- “pingo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
- pingo in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016
- Pokorny *peik